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THE CHINESE ECONOMY AND 
FOREIGN TRADE PERSPECTIVE-1976 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

Domestic and International Business Administration 

Bureau of East-West Trade 










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THE CHINESE ECONOMY AND 
FOREIGN TRADE PERSPECTIVE-1976 

US DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

Domestic and International Business Administration 

Bureau of East-West Trade 

June 1977 



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For sale by the 
Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402. 



Contents 



Introduction v 

Recent Economic Trends and Policies 1 

1976 — An Eventful Year in China 1 

Performance by Sector 1 

Policy and Planning 3 

Foreign Trade 6 

Its Role 6 

Trends 6 

Commodity Composition 6 

— Imports 6 

— Exports 7 

Trading Partners 7 

— Communist Countries 7 

— Non-Communist Countries 8 

Promotion of Trade 9 

Transport Expansion 9 

Prospects 10 

The Sino-American Commercial Relationship, 1976 11 

Issues and Problems 11 

Summary of Trade 11 

U.S.-PRC Commercial and Scientific Exchanges 12 

China's Balance of Payments: Over the Hump? 14 

Recent Trends in the Value of the Ren Min Bi 16 

Recent Commerce Market Assessments 17 

Telecommunications Equipment 17 

Coal Mine Equipment 17 

Tables 

Table 1 . — Output Estimates for Key Economic Sectors 2 

Table 2.— Sino-American Trade, 1972-76 11 

Appendices 

A. China's Total Trade, 1950-76 21 

B. PRC Imports and Exports by Commodity, 1970-76 22 

C. China's Trade With Other Countries, 1973-76 23 

D. U.S. Exports, 1976 24 

E. U.S. Imports, 1976 32 



111 



Introduction 



This review is intended to provide a brief analysis of the major events and 
factors affecting the economy and foreign trade of the People's Republic of China 
(PRC). 

The perspective is 1976 but, for comparison, earlier material is included as 
well as changes occurring early in 1977. 

The PRC Affairs Division, Bureau of East-West Trade, hopes to publish an 
analysis annually. 

This analysis was prepared under the supervision of William W. Clarke, Divi- 
sion Director. The articles on Recent Economic Trends and Policies and Foreign 
Trade were contributed by Nai-Ruenn Chen. David Denny, John Phipps, and 
Martha Avery are responsible for the remaining contributions. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/chineseeconomyfoOOunit 



Recent Economic Trends and Policies 



1976 — An Eventful Year in China 

The past year witnessed momentous events in the 
People's Republic of China (PRC). The death of 
Chou En-lai in January led to an acceleration of the 
antirightist campaign which culminated in the Tien- 
an-men Incident in April, the dismissal of Deputy 
Premier Teng Hsiao-ping, and the elevation of a rel- 
ative unknown, Hua Kuo-feng, to the Premiership. 

In July, earthquakes devastated the economy and 
possibly killed half a million people in the Tangshan 
area of Hopei Province; a lesser quake caused dam- 
age in Szechwan Province in August. 

Mao Tse-tung, China's leader since the inception 
of the PRC in 1949, died in September. Within a 
month, Mao's widow and her political associates in 
the Politburo, the so-called "radicals" who had held 
second, fourth, and fifth places in the party,* were 
purged and Premier Hua, with the support of the 
People's Liberation Army (PLA), was declared 
Chairman of the Communist Party of China. Toward 
the end of 1976, a campaign against the followers 
of the discredited "gang of four" intensified through- 
out the country, resulting in tighter military control 
of some provinces. 

Each of these events had its effect on the Chinese 
economy — their combined impact was significant, 
with problems and uncertainties permeating nearly 
all sectors. National output in 1976 was up, but only 
moderately. Even this growth was realized only by 
concerted efforts to keep the disruptive effects to a 
minimum. Part of 1976's growth is attributable to 
the momentum which the economy had built up in 
the first half of the 1970's when major additions 
were made to plant and equipment. 

Performance by Sector 

Recent trends in the Chinese economy are high- 
lighted in Table 1 where output estimates for key 
economic sectors are presented. Additional data may 
be found in the annual publication — Central Intelli- 



gence Agency, People's Republic of China: Hand- 
book of Economic Indictors. 

Industrial production in 1976 rose by 3.5 to 5 
percent, considerably below the 1970-75 average 
annual rate of 10 percent. Continuing difficulties in 
problem industries and in transport, as well as the 
devastating earthquakes, probably were responsible 
primarily for the decline in the rate of industrial 
growth. The disruptions of industrial production by 
the "gang of four", however, and their continuing 
campaign against more moderate economic policies 
during the first three quarters of 1976, also contrib- 
uted significantly to the slowdown. 1 Difficulties in 
1976 also are reflected in the release of very little 
economic data compared with those made available 
between 1970 and 1975. 

In general, output of producer goods in China 
tends to grow faster than output of consumer goods; 
the trend continued in 1976. Among producer goods, 
the production of primary energy continued to ex- 
pand, although its growth momentum probably 
slackened. 

The coal industry, which accounts for two-thirds 
of China's primary energy production, has long been 
troubled by inadequate investment resulting in back- 
ward technology, slow mechanization, and shortage 
of processing and beneficiation facilities. The indus- 
try appears to have been given a higher priority in 
investment allocation since 1974-75, as evidenced 
by substantial growth of coal production in 1975 
and by the three national coal conferences convened 
in the short span of 16 months (October 1975, No- 
vember 1976, and January 1977). 

In spite of heavy damage to the important Kailuan 
mines in the Tangshan area during the July earth- 
quakes (the leading share of China's coking coal 
comes from Kailuan), Peking claims to have over- 
fulfilled the 1976 state plan for coal by 6.3 percent. 
Although there are conflicting reports on production 



* These "radical" members of the Politburo were Wang Hung-wen, 
Chang Chun-chiao, and Yao Wen-yuan, respectively. Prior to her purge, 
Chiang Ching, Mao's widow, held sixth place in the party. 



1 See Vice-Premier Yu Chiu-li's Report to the Ta-Ch'ing Conference 
in Peking Review. No. 22, May 27, 1977, pp. 5-23. 



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last year, the best estimate points to a level close to 
450 million tons, an increase of about 5 percent. 2 

Crude oil production in 1976 rose by over 13 per- 
cent to an estimated 84 million tons. The growth 
rate was one of the highest achieved by any sector in 
1976, butstill considerably below the 1970-74 aver- 
age annual rate of over 20 percent. The output of the 
still infant natural gas industry grew 1 1 percent last 
year, the same rate attained annually in the first half 
of the 1970's. 

Crude steel suffered a decline in output, dropping 
to perhaps 23 to 24 million tons or 10 to 15 percent 
from the 1975 level. 3 The July earthquakes heavily 
damaged steel mills in the Tientsin-Tangshan area, 
and interrupted the supply of coking coal for China's 
largest steel plant at Anshan. Available information 
suggests that even before the Tangshan earthquake 
the Anshan plant already had shown "almost no 
progress in production," which the Chinese press 
now attributes to interference by the "gang of four." 
Factional wrangling in the steel industry was espe- 
cially disruptive at Wuhan where production actually 
was brought to a halt for a time. 

Political disturbances and earthquakes seem to 
have inflicted less damage on agriculture than indus- 
try. Adverse weather conditions last year, however, 
led to very little improvement in Chinese agricultural 
production. Grain and cotton outputs in 1976 were 
similar in size to those of 1975, but in the interim 
the population grew by 15 million people to a total 
of about 950 million. 

The transport sector, railway freight in particular, 
experienced some difficulties, especially after the 
Tangshan earthquake. The alleged intervention by 
the radicals in the railroads, particularly the bureau 
in Chengchou, a major center of China's railway 
system, was said to have seriously disrupted freight 
movements. But Chinese railroads have been long 
handicapped by fundamental problems of equipment 
shortage and administrative inefficiency as well as 
lack of worker incentives resulting from low wages. 
Apparently these problems remained serious in early 
1977, as evidenced by the convening of a second 



2 According to official claims, China's coal output rose 13.6 percent 
in the first quarter of 1976 over the same period in 1975. 7.6 percent 
in the first half of 1976, and only 4.3 percent in the first 8 months 
last year. The marked decline in the growth rate seems to indicate that 
the anti-rightist campaign under the aegis of the "gang of four" in 
the second quarter of 1976 tended to curtail the growth momentum of 
the coal industry ger erated in the previous year and that the situation 
worsened because of the July earthquakes (Foreign Broadcast Inform« 
tion Service, Daily Report — People's Republic of China. January 12, 
1977, E20-21). 

3 One report indicates that China's crude steel output in 1976 may 
have been as low as 21 million tons. All tons in this report are metric. 



national railway conference only 4 months after 
the October 1976 conference. 

One may speculate that difficulties in rail trans- 
port of raw materials may have been partly respon- 
sible for a decline in steel production last year and 
that the recent doubling of foreign grain purchases 
reflects bottlenecks in the transport system's delivery 
of food supplies to coastal cities. 

Foreign trade showed a modest decline in 1976; 
yet China may have managed a swing to a positive 
balance of trade of perhaps $800 million. The devel- 
opment of that sector is discussed in the chapter en- 
titled Foreign Trade. 

Policy and Planning 

The first 9 months of 1976 witnessed a continua- 
tion of the struggle for leadership which was mani- 
fested in the economic sphere by an intense debate 
centered on measures for implementing the moderni- 
zation program to build China into an industrialized 
country by the end of the century. 1 

Certain measures, particularly those associated 
with the name of Teng Hsiao-ping, came under 
heavy ideological attack from his "radical" oppon- 
ents. For months, political uncertainties plagued 
China's policymakers and immobilized economic 
planners. The Fifth Five-Year Plan, due to have 
started in January 1976, was delayed by the anti- 
Teng campaign. 

Since the removal of the "radical" members from 
the Chinese leadership in October, the year 2000 
objectives — the so-called "four-modernizations" 
— have been emphatically restated in a series of of- 
ficial pronouncements. Once again, China appears 
to be pursuing the more moderate economic policies 
of Chou En-lai and Teng Hsiao-ping. Further evi- 
dence of this is seen in the first official revelation of 
Mao's 1956 speech, "Ten Great Relations," which 
outlines moderate economic approaches to develop- 
ment in contrast to the radical policies pursued dur- 
ing the Great Leap Forward (1958-59) and the 
Cultural Revolution (1966-68). 

In early 1977, with the Fifth Five-Year Plan still 
under revision, the Chinese leadership faces at least 
four basic decisions. 



4 A two-stage developmental program reportedly originated by Mao_ 
was outlined by Chou En-lai in a report to the National People's Con- 
gress in January 1975. The first stage is to build what Chou called "an 
independent and relatively comprehensive industrial and economic sys- 
tem" before 1980; the second stage is to accomplish "the compre- 
hensive modernization of agriculture, industry^ national defense and 
science and technology" (now known as the "four modernizations") so 
that China will become a leading industrialized nation before the 
end of the century. 



The first is related to setting investment priorities. 
Oil development, for example, was given high prior- 
ity in investment allocation during the Fourth Five- 
Year Plan (1971-75). As a result, crude oil sup- 
plies grew rapidly and exports rose from negligible 
levels at the beginning of the Fourth Five- Year Plan 
to about 8 million tons (58.4 million barrels) in 
1976, yielding some $850 million in hard currencies. 

As noted above, however, crude oil growth de- 
clined in late 1975-76 which probably reflected a re- 
allocation of investment within the energy resources 
sector and with other industries. Petroleum appears 
to have been reassigned a lower relative place as at- 
tention turned to the long troubled coal industry (as 
well as steel and transport). 

Involved in the reallocation process was the radi- 
cals' attack on Teng Hsiao-ping for his alleged in- 
discriminate export of industrial raw materials, in- 
cluding crude oil, in exchange for foreign capital 
goods. Although debate about industrial develop- 
ment strategy within the leadership prior to October 
1976 is not entirely clear, it appears that the "gang 
of four" was more in favor of a nearly autarkic, self- 
reliant approach to industrial development and op- 
posed the Chou-Teng policy of importing substantial 
foreign plant and technology to facilitate industrial 
growth. The "gang" would have reduced plant and 
equipment imports to a minimum even at the cost 
of economic growth, and they were not averse to re- 
duced growth for the petroleum industry. 

Some crude oil which would have to be exported 
to pay for expanded imports could then be diverted 
for accelerating the process of electric power station 
conversion from coal to oil. This would meliorate the 
pressure on the coal industry, releasing part of the 
resources which would have been invested in it for 
the development of other sectors of the Chinese 
economy. 

A second, closely related decision, has to do with 
the path of technological development in the PRC. 
Chinese industry is still dominated by inefficient pro- 
duction techniques — a great need exists to adopt 
more productive technology. 

The PRC has long held to a policy of technologi- 
cal dualism known as "walking on two legs," a com- 
bination of indigenous, labor-intensive innovations 
with imported advanced technologies. The latter has 
been particularly evident in the complete plant pur- 
chases starting about 1972, but also includes licens- 
ing agreements, prototype copying, scientific ex- 
changes, trade exhibits, technical seminars, and an 



intense study of Western technical literature and 
product samples. 

In the anti-rightist campaign last year, attempts 
were made to minimize the role of foreign tech- 
nology. The Chinese press recently published de- 
tailed acounts as to how the now discredited leaders 
opposed foreign trade, particularly complete plant 
imports. If China is to return to the Chou-Teng 
policy of placing greater reliance on imported tech- 
nology, foreign trade will likely expand. 

A third decision facing the leadership is the need 
to modernize the conventional military forces of the 
People's Liberation Army, the PLA. The Hua re- 
gime, relying heavily on the support of the military, 
likely will have to expand spending in support of de- 
fense in response to increasing pressures from the 
PLA, reversing the cutback of the early 1970's. 

But military modernization will require major al- 
locations of resources for developing not only de- 
fense industries, but also those industries supporting 
defense production such as steel, machinebuilding, 
and electric power. Military modernization, there- 
fore, will have to compete against investment re- 
quirements for other civilian industrial sectors for 
agricultural modernization, transport expansion, and 
the increased production of consumer goods. 

Four separate but related national conferences in 
early 1977, attended by representatives of the PLA 
and defense production sectors, reportedly discussed 
such questions as defense modernization and the re- 
lationship between the economy and the military 
establishment. These conferences, together with a 
major industrial conference to be held this spring, 
probably will map out a strategy of allocating re- 
sources between military and civilian needs. 

Finally, a fourth decision must be made on how 
to deal with material incentives for industrial work- 
ers. 5 Average wages of industrial workers have im- 
proved very little since the late 1950's and have 
given rise to widespread discontent among urban 
workers. 



5 This does not suggest that personal income is now higher in the 
countryside than in the cities. In fact, the gap is still considerable. But 
per capita real consumption in the rural areas has risen more rapidly 
than in the urban areas. The government has tried to avoid taking 
measures that would have an adverse impact on farm production. For 
example, no serious attempts have been made to abolish or reduce the 
private plots that provide Chinese peasants a major source of supple- 
mentary income. 

An important aspect of China's agricultural incentive policy is to 
import grain for the purpose of stabilizing the farmer's obligations to 
turn over his output to the state and thus not dampening his incentive 
to increase production. Chinese peasants also have benefited by the 
government policy of raising the prices of agricultural products more 
rapidly relative to the prices of industrial products. In some cases, the 
prices of products purchased by farmers have declined. 



The problem became serious in 1974 when labor 
unrest in many plants caused production to fall. A 
national conference on wages, which had been sched- 
uled for the early part of 1976 to discuss, among 
other things, possible pay raises for industrial work- 
ers, was cancelled because of the opposition of the 
"radicals". Chinese workers, who have generally ex- 
pressed their ill-feeling toward Chiang Ching and her 
political colleagues, probably now are hoping for 
some wage increases and bonuses for good work. 

One of the most pressing tasks faced by the Hua 
administration, therefore, is to solve the issue of 
wages and incentives, but the problem is not an easy 
one. Aside from the ideological paradox of material 
motivation and China's long-held policy of gradu- 



ally reducing urban-rural income differentials, large 
investment requirements for modernization programs 
will not permit a significant wage increase. 

These economic problems facing the leadership 
are complex and closely related, involving policies 
toward investment allocations; energy, especially in 
the development sector; technology and equipment 
imports; and industrial raw material exports. 

Additionally, the need for material incentives and 
the need to adhere to Maoist tenets, at least to some 
degree, are definite constraining factors. Chairman 
Hua has the option of restructuring these policies in 
a more pragmatic fashion now that the "radicals" 
have been removed from the leadership, but his free- 
dom to do so is not unlimited. 



Foreign Trade 



Its Role 

Although a relatively small sector of the Chinese 
economy, about 6 percent of gross national product, 
foreign trade is an important policy instrument used 
by the PRC for the pursuit of overall economic ob- 
jectives. 

Imports of plant and equipment have constituted 
an important means of facilitating and accelerating 
industrial growth since China does not have the 
manufacturing capacity required to produce all of 
the capital goods needed. Such imports give the Chi- 
nese access to a wide spectrum of modern technology 
vital to an industrializing nation. 

Foreign trade permits compensation for shortfalls 
resulting from a decline in domestic production, and 
from supply bottlenecks and planning errors. Years 
of inadequate investment in the iron ore and coal 
mining industries, for example, have retarded growth 
in steel and other key sectors of the economy. This 
subsequently has necessitated the importation of 
large quantities of mining equipment. 

The PRC has relied on foreign trade to ease pres- 
sures on the domestic transport and distribution sys- 
tem and to provide a modest improvement in the 
incentives and living standards of the population. 

The importation of grain since 1961 has contrib- 
uted significantly to the food supply, particularly in 
coastal urban areas, and has eased the burden of 
transporting grain from the interior. More impor- 
tantly, foreign grain purchases have reduced the ne- 
cessity to increase grain deliveries from China's own 
farmers. In recent years relatively small fluctuations 
in China's grain harvests, less than 5 percent, have 
resulted in very large swings, nearly 100 percent, in 
foreign grain purchases. This policy has the effect of 
stabilizing the farmer's obligations to turn over his 
output to the procurement agency and, thus, not ad- 
versely affecting his incentives to increase produc- 
tion. 

Trends 

China's foreign trade expanded rapidly during 
1969-71, but then leveled off in 1975, and declined 
slightly in 1976. 1 



In general, the PRC has attempted to maintain a 
policy of an overall balance in trade, paying for im- 
ports with export earnings. As can be seen from Ap- 
pendix A, Chinese imports and exports generally had 
kept in balance until 1974 when imports exceeded 
exports by $810 million, largely as a result of world- 
wide inflation and the economic recession in the 
West. 

In an effort to cut the trade deficit, some imports 
were reduced while others were financed by so- 
called deferred payments. Preliminary estimates sug- 
gest that China's trade last year may have attained 
a surplus of some $800 million, reversing a 3-year 
trend of unfavorable trade balances. 

Commodity Composition 

Data on China's imports and exports, by category 
of commodities, for 1970-75, are provided in Ap- 
pendix B. Data for 1976, not yet available, will be 
contained in People's Republic of China: Interna- 
tional Trade Handbook, to be issued by the Central 
Intelligence Agency the latter part of 1977. Readers 
interested in detailed statistics of China's foreign 
trade will find this publication very useful. 

— Imports 

Four categories of products constitute the bulk of 
PRC imports: Machinery and equipment; minerals 
and metals; chemicals; and agricultural commodities. 

The leading category, machinery and equipment, 
constituted 30 percent of imports in 1975. An im- 
portant aspect of such imports in the 1970's is large 
purchases of complete plants. The PRC contracted 
for $1.3 billion worth of complete plants in 1973 
and about $800 million in 1974. 2 Following the 
1974 trade deficit, China's purchases of complete 
plants slowed down markedly with 1975 contracts 
estimated at $382.4 million. The value of complete 



1 Data on the dollar value of China's total trade, exports, and imports 
for 1950 to 1976, are presented in Appendix A. 

- It should be recognized that the term "complete plants" is im- 
precise. In many cases it refers to the addition of new units at exist- 
ing facilities. 



plant contracts signed in 1976 declined further to 
$200 million. 

Minerals and metals accounted for about 29 per- 
cent of all imports in 1975 with ferrous ores and 
metals, dominated by finished steel, making up more 
than two-thirds of the category. Nonferrous metal 
imports were led by copper, nickel, aluminum, and 
lead. Aluminum imports rose sharply in 1975, when 
China signed purchase contracts for about 350,000 
tons at a cost of some $270 million, and declined to 
$175 million in 1976. 

Chemical products averaged about 10 percent of 
China's total imports in recent years. Fertilizers have 
been the most important component of chemical im- 
ports, but their relative importance has been declin- 
ing gradually and will continue to do so as the for- 
eign-built ammonia-urea complexes come on-stream 
in 1976-77. 

Grain imports dropped from the peak level of 7.7 
million tons in 1973 and 7 million tons in 1974 to 
3.3 million tons in 1975. Imports in 1976 declined 
further to some 2 million tons, although a sharp 
upturn in wheat buying took place in the first quarter 
of 1977. 

The import of cotton, another major agricultural 
commodity purchased in significant quantities, 
reached the peak of 423,000 tons in 1973, and de- 
clined in 1974-75 because of slow demand for Chi- 
nese textiles. Toward the end of 1975, with world 
textile markets improving and with domestic output 
of raw cotton reduced, China again became active in 
cotton buying. Cotton imports for the August 1975— 
July 1976 season are estimated at 150,000 tons. 

A third agricultural commodity which China has 
imported regularly is raw sugar. Imports in 1975 
fell sharply below the 1974 volume of 630,000 tons, 
and recovered to between 500,000 and 600,000 tons 
in 1976. Imports from Cuba, a traditional supplier, 
were curtailed from 350,000 tons in 1974 to 200,- 
000 tons in 1975 and 100,000 tons last year. At the 
same time, China has bought increasing quantities 
of raw sugar from Australia, Brazil, and the Philip- 
pines, and also has relied on the open market, mainly 
from Singapore, Hong Kong, Britain, and France. 

— Exports 

Foodstuffs and raw materials of agricultural and 
animal origin represent about one-half of Chinese 
sales abroad, with rice becoming an increasingly im- 
portant export item. Now a major rice exporting 



country, China is selling 1.5 to 2 million tons a year 
to more than 60 countries. 

The growing importance of petroleum exports has 
caused a decline in recent years in the relative share 
of foodstuffs and raw materials. China had been an 
oil importer, but has become self-sufficient in petro- 
leum with some surplus for exports. Crude oil ex- 
ports in significant quantities began in 1973 with the 
share of petroleum and petroleum products rising 
from less than 2 percent in 1973 to 8 percent in 1974 
and 13 percent in 1975. The share in 1976 is esti- 
mated at 1 1 percent. 

Intermediate and finished textile products ac- 
counted for about 25 percent of Chinese exports 
during 1970-76. In that period, increasingly large 
quantities of a wide variety of other manufactured 
consumer goods were sold to foreign countries. Ma- 
chinery and equipment, mostly shipped to Third 
World countries, made up 4 to 5 percent of total ex- 
ports. 

China's exports of chemicals, minerals, and metals 
remained steady in their relative share during the 
first half of the 1970's, with chemicals accounting 
for 4 to 6 percent of total exports and minerals and 
metals about 4 percent. 

Trading Partners 
— Communist Countries 

In 1959, at the peak of China's commercial rela- 
tionship with other Communist countries, the share 
of the Soviet Union in PRC trade was 49 percent, 
while Eastern Europe accounted for 16 percent and 
other Asian Communist countries, 6 percent. 

Sino-Soviet trade declined to a low of $45 million 
in 1970, or only 1 percent of China's total trade 
and less than 6 percent of its trade with other Com- 
munist countries. Although trade between the two 
countries has grown steadily since 1971, the relative 
share of China's trade held by the U.S.S.R. has im- 
proved little, accounting for about 3 percent in 
1976. 

Last year about 8 percent of China's trade was 
done with Eastern Europe and another 8 percent 
with Yugoslavia, Cuba, Albania, and other Asian 
Communist countries. 

China's trade with the other Communist states is 
based on protocols negotiated each year. In the past 
several years, valuation of goods to be exchanged 
has been based on world market prices denominated 
in Swiss francs. 



— Non-Communist countries 

The decline in the relative importance of the So- 
viet Union in China's foreign trade reflects the 
growth of China's commercial relationships with the 
West, particularly Japan, Hong Kong, Western Eu- 
rope, Malaysia/Singapore, Australia, Canada, and 
the United States (Sino- American trade is discussed 
in the chapter entitled The Sino-American Commer- 
cial Relationship, 1976.) Data on China's trade with 
major partners during 1974-76 are presented in 
Appendix C. 

Japan 

Sino-Japanese trade reached a level of $3.06 bil- 
lion in 1976, down 20 percent from 1975 but still 
accounting for 23 percent of China's trade. Not only 
has Japan continued to be China's principal trading 
partner, but China has now become Japan's second 
most important export market behind the United 
States. 

Over 80 percent of the products imported by the 
Chinese were in the iron and steel; machinery and 
equipment; and chemicals, mainly chemical fertiliz- 
ers; categories. 

Beginning in 1974, crude oil emerged as China's 
leading export to Japan, with shipments of 8.1 mil- 
lion tons in 1975 and 6 to 6.5 million tons in 1976. 
Contracts for 1977 call for an amount between 5.18 
and 6.18 million tons to be delivered, with a reported 
increase in price to $13.15 per barrel from the 1976 
level of $12.30 per barrel. 

Nearly all other major categories of Chinese ex- 
ports to Japan dropped markedly in the past 2 years. 
Particularly hard hit was raw silk and fabric, a cas- 
ualty of the Japanese recession. To maintain an or- 
derly market and not excessively damage Japanese 
producers, the Chinese in May 1976 agreed to exer- 
cise certain restraints in the silk trade. 

The prospect for Sino-Japanese trade has been en- 
hanced by an agreement reached by both countries 
in April 1977 for an early conclusion of a long- 
term trade pact. It was basically agreed that China 
would export oil and coal in exchange for Japanese 
construction material and finished steel, as well as 
plant and equipment in eight categories mostly used 
for oil and coal development. 

Hong Kong 

Hong Kong plays a unique role as China's second 
largest trading partner, most important entrepot, and 
the largest source of China's foreign exchange earn- 



ings. In addition to the sale of merchandise, the 
sources of China's foreign exchange earnings from 
Hong Kong include overseas remittances, profits of 
PRC-controlled banks, insurance companies, ship- 
ping agencies, retail outlets, and real estate holdings, 
and tourist receipts of the China Travel Service. 

The past 2 years saw a growing number of China's 
new investments in Hong Kong. A machinery plant, 
oil storage facilities, and a ship repair yard were be- 
ing built last year with Chinese capital. Non-trade 
receipts from Hong Kong sources rose substantially 
in 1975-76, accounting for about one-third of the 
total (trade and non-trade receipts combined). Hong 
King probably now provides about one-half of 
China's foreign exchange earnings. 

China's leading export always has been foodstuffs, 
accounting for about one-half of the total, followed 
by semimanufactures and raw materials, constituting 
about one-fifth of the total. Last year, China ac- 
counted for about 15 percent of Hong Kong's oil 
imports. 

Western Europe 

In the last 16 years, 4 of China's 12 leading trad- 
ing partners have been in Western Europe: West 
Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and Italy. In 
1976, West Germany acounted for about 7 percent 
of PRC trade; France, 4 percent, the United King- 
dom and Italy, 2 percent each. Generally speaking, 
China exported foodstuffs, hides and skins, textiles, 
and other light manufactures to Western Europe in 
exchange for machinery and equipment, chemicals, 
and finished steel products. 

Southeast Asia 

China consistently has maintained a large export 
surplus in its trade with Southeast Asia, mainly 
Singapore and Malaysia. In 1976, Chinese exports 
to these two countries totaled $368 million, largely 
foodstuffs, textiles, and other light manufactures, 
while imports were $97 million, mainly rubber. 

Australia and Canada 

Australia and Canada have emerged as China's 
leading grain suppliers, with annual combined ship- 
ments ranging from $200 to $700 million. Chinese 
exports to these countries have been limited, usually 
giving China a large trade deficit. Trade with both 
Australia and Canada in the last 2 years declined 
from the record high in 1974 because of reduced 
wheat shipments. 



Promotion of Trade 

The PRC regularly exchanges trade exhibitions 
and trade delegations with many countries as a 
means of facilitating trade, for the acquisition of 
technology, and as a propaganda vehicle. 

In addition to the semiannual Chinese Export 
Commodities Fair in Canton (Kwangchow) in re- 
cent years, China has held a number of minifairs for 
selected products in major Chinese cities. 3 The ad- 
vantages of holding individual, specialized com- 
modity fairs include close proximity to the place of 
production, thorough negotiations, and better con- 
trol over business attendance. 

In recent years, China has increased its participa- 
tion in international trade fairs, mostly in Europe, 
Africa, and the Near East. Additionally, China has 
organized its own economic and trade exhibitions 
abroad, mostly in Pacific Basin countries, Africa, and 
Latin America. 

Since 1972, there has been an increased inflow to 
China of foreign exhibitions with emphasis on tech- 
nologically advanced industrial displays. Of some 60 
foreign exhibitions in China since 1972, over three- 
quarters have dealt wih industry, science, and 
technology. In conjunction with these exhibits, tech- 
nical seminars frequently are organized by the ex- 
hibiting country. 

Technical seminars are important in the PRC as a 
means of technology acquisition. The Chinese bring 
scientists and engineers from all parts of China to 
Peking to participate in technical seminars put on in 
conjunction with a trade fair, by a visiting trade dele- 
gation, or by an individual firm. 

Most trade delegations received by the Chinese 
from industrialized nations are accepted on the basis 
of presenting detailed technical seminars. In return, 
delegation representatives are indirectly selling their 
product and obtaining information on markets in 
China from visits to Chinese manufacturing facilities. 

Transport Expansion 

One significant development of China's foreign 
trade in recent years has been the rapid expansion of 

3 Minifairs have included the Garments Fair held regularly in Can- 
ton and Shanghai; the Foodstuffs Fairs held in Canton for some years, 
mainly for Hong Kong and Macao merchants; the Carpet Fair in 
Peking and Tientsin; the Fur Fair in Peking; the Feather and Down 
Fair in Peking and Shanghai; and the Shanghai Pharmaceutical and 
Medical Instruments Fair. These last four fairs have become annual 
events. Additionally, the foreign trade corporations have held fairs for 
forest products, straw handicrafts, and piece goods. Some of these also 
will become regularly scheduled fairs. 



the transport system, especially the merchant navy, 
port facilities, and pipelines, needed to support 
greatly expanded imports and exports. About 80 per- 
cent of the foreign trade moves by sea and, although 
the larger share of this trade is carried in chartered 
bottoms, that share is declining as the Chinese mer- 
chant fleet expands. At the present time, China's 
merchant navy, which hardly existed in 1963, has 
an estimated total of 4.5 million deadweight tons. 4 

Merchant navy growth has been achieved both 
by development of the domestic shipbuilding indus- 
try and by acquisition of ships abroad. Merchant 
ship output nearly tripled between 1970 and 1975 
(see Table 1 ). New ships have been purchased from 
Bulgaria, East Germany, Finland, Japan, Romania, 
and Yugoslavia, but most purchases have been used 
vessels, usually 10 to 15 years old, bought for re- 
fitting in Chinese yards. 

With the growth of the merchant marine has come 
a rapid expansion of China's congested, relatively 
shallow, major seaports. Increased traffic has en- 
tailed the deepening of channels, construction of new 
storage and handling facilities, and development of 
new rail connections. 

When ongoing harbor projects are complete, the 
loading and unloading capacity of coastal ports will 
increase 50 percent over 1972, and more than dou- 
ble the 1965 level. Cargo-handling capacity added 
in the period 1972-75 is believed to be about 60 
to 70 million tons. While much of the cargo-handling 
capacity is now said to be at least partially mech- 
anized, the PRC has only just begun containerized 
shipments. 5 

Concurrent with the expansion of major ports, 
new oil-handling facilities and pipelines have been 
constructed to serve oil exports. The 1,507 km, 24- 
inch crude transmission line linking the Taching oil- 
field to the port of Chinhuangtao was completed in 
1974. More recently, this line has been extended to 
the Peking refinery. Another 24-inch line starting at 
Taching has been completed and brings crude to the 
new oil port at Talien. Thus, Taching oil could now 
be delivered in amounts of around 20 to 25 million 
tons to Talien and Chinhuangtao for export, an 



4 The figure includes only oceangoing vessels using the international 
seaways and not coastal ships. 

5 The construction of a container terminal in Hsinkang had nearly 
been completed prior to the earthquakes in July 1976. It is not clear 
to what extent these quakes may have caused damages to the terminal 
Another terminal is in operation in Shanghai where 20- and 40-foot 
containers are handled. 



amount considerably higher than now being ex- 
ported. 

Prospects 

The PRC shows no inclination of pursuing a to- 
tally autarkic course of economic development. And, 
although the late Chairman Mao on numerous occa- 
sions stressed the need for self-reliance, he also 
added that China had to learn from other countries. 
In the first half of the 1970's, this allowed for sub- 
stantial imports of foreign plant and technology ($2.7 
billion 1973-76) as well as agricultural products. 
Although contracts for these imports slackened in 
1975-76 partly because of the radicals' opposition 
to heavy reliance on foreign technology and equip- 
ment, the prospect for the future has been improved 
by the more pragmatic stance on foreign trade taken 
by the new leadership. If such an attitude persists, 
China's imports, particularly in areas of complete 
plant and technology, will likely expand. In the next 
2 or 3 years, however, the expansion is likely to be 
slow. 

In the final analysis the level of China's imports 
depends basically on its capability to generate ex- 
port earnings. A promising source of such earnings 
lies in the much-publicized crude oil, but its export 
potential may be significantly constrained by increas- 
ing domestic requirements for energy necessitated 
by industrialization and agricultural mechanization. 

Another major source of export income could be 
derived from increased sales of Chinese rice, textiles, 



6 Two other pipelines have been constructed. One connects the 
Shengli field to the Shantung oil port of Huangtao; the other — of un- 
determined, but probably small size — reportedly links Taching with 
North Korea. Under construction is a 140km line linking the port of 
Chan-chiang and the Maoming Refinery in Kwangtung Province. 



and other labor-intensive products. China is the 
world's leading producer of rice — with good har- 
vests exports could exceed 2 million tons annually. 
But cotton textiles currently are rationed in China 
and there are definite limits to the expansion of other 
commodities that Peking can find to market. 

To help pay for imports, Peking in recent years 
has adopted a limited use of commercial credit. 
Short-term commercial credit has been used to pur- 
chase foreign goods; 5-year credits financed by Japa- 
nese and European governmental banks have been 
used to buy complete plants; and inter-bank deposits 
at market interest rates have been acepted. 

The extended use of commercial credit, however, 
will be constrained by debt service obligations al- 
ready acquired. Most of the complete plant contracts 
which China signed with the West in 1972-75 called 
for an initial payment after the delivery of equip- 
ment and machinery and for a payment schedule 
thereafter covering a number of years. China will 
continue to have to make large repayments through 
1979. 7 

In the balance of the decade the level of China's 
foreign trade probably will continue to rise as in the 
early seventies. The rate of growth, however, will be 
strongly influenced by Peking's ability or willingness 
to increase exports, particularly oil, and to obtain 
Western credits; by the type of economic develop- 
ment called for in the Fifth Five Year Plan (no de- 
tails available); by the state of the world economy; 
and by whether China experiences further natural 
disasters such as those plaguing the country in 1976. 



7 A discussion of China's current debt and financial obligations is 
contained in a later article. 



10 



The Sino-American Commercial Relationship, 1976 

Issues and Problems business. Currently, the exchange of trade exhibi- 

XT , , . ,-_, . , , tions, direct banking relations, and direct sea and air 

No change occurred in 1976 in the state of the , „ , , , 

, , . , , . . .. connections in the nag carriers of both countries are 

unresolved issues and problems that continue to ad- . , , , , , •, , • . 

. _ A , _. A • , , virtually precluded by the unresolved claims and 

versely affect the Sino-American commercial rela- , • 

tionship. 1 More Americans than ever went to the 

Canton Fair, however, and businessmen continued While these outstanding issues have not prevented 

to travel to Peking a significant amount of trade with the United States 

Despite the unresolved issues and problems, 1976 from takin S P lace ' U seems clear that trade has suf " 

did witness an advance in the mutual understanding fered - lt is difficult to estimate how much business 

of how each side transacts business and perceives was ,ost in 1976 due t0 failure t0 resolve some or a11 

the other's market. The further improvement of of the Problems, but the amount is thought to be 

commercial relations continues to be dependent upon substantial, 

progress on the political side, as this area is para- S ummary G f Trade 

mount in the overall relationship between the United ^ 

States and China * n tne nrst ^ ^ years following the resumption 

Foremost among the factors now affecting our of commercial relations, Sino-American trade has yet 

ability to export to China is the lack of full diplo- to settle into a consistent, predictable pattern. Fueled 

matic relations. Mutual diplomatic recognition, by major Chinese purchases of American agricultural 

while no guarantee of increased trade in and of it- Products, the overall trade in 1974 reached nearly 

self, would almost certainly result in greater pur- $935 million and the Umted States became Chinas 

chases of Ameican technology and equipment since second tradin g P^er after Japan. With the cessa- 

Chinese commercial decisions are clearly affected by tion of agricultural purchases, trade slumped in 

political perceptions. For this reason, the United 1975 and 1976 with last year's total reaching only 

States to some extent has been a residual supplier of 36 percent of 1974, as shown by Table 2. After 4 

goods to which China turns only after obtaining years of favorable balance of trade with China, the 

much of what it needs from those industrialized na- United States suffered a $66 million deficit in 1976. 

tions with which the PRC enjoys normal diplomatic 

relations Table 2. — Sino-American Trade, 1970-1976 

— . , ,. . . ._. , (in millions of U.S. dollars) 
Extension of nondiscriminatory tariff treatment 

(MFN) to China, now governed partly by the re- 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 

c *u t j a . e inn* • i j- .1- U.S. exports 63 690 819 304 135 

quirements of the Trade Act of 1974, including the us .^ 32 64 UJ 13g m 

Jackson-Vanik Amendment, would materially assist j ota i trac j e 95 754 934 462 336 

Chinese exports to the United States. Removal of U.S. balance +31 +626 +704 +146 -66 

the stigma of second-class status, as the lack of Less us - exports of 

MFN is perceived by the Chinese, would likely re- agricultural com- 

1* ■ .u nno 1 • j -^ a ■ modities 61 578 668 80 

suit in the PRC placing more orders with American ... t d us 

suppliers. "balance" -30 +48 +36 +66 -66 

In the absence of normal diplomatic relations and Ti , , . , , ., 

1 • r »,^. T , ■ ,,,.,, It IS useful to understand the circumstances sur- 

the extension of MFN, resolution of the linked ,. . , . , _. 

. . , ., .,..,. rounding the turn-around in the Sino-American trade 

claims and assets issues would certainly facilitate , , 

balance since the gross data do not reflect the distor- 

1 For more detail see U.S. Congress. Joint Economic Committee. t ion Caused in 1973 and 1974 by Chinese purchases 

China: A Reassessment oj the Economy "The Sino-American Com- , . 

mercial Relationship." Government Printing Office. 1975. Of large amounts of U.S. agricultural Commodities. 



11 



With agricultural shipments removed, Table 2 
shows an adjusted "balance" far more modest in the 
U.S. favor until the recent downturn. Not only did 
U.S. exports to the PRC drop in 1976, but so did 
total exports to China by the industrialized West and 
Japan. Exports were off about 15 percent; Japan was 
down 26 percent, and the United Kingdom 30 per- 
cent, with only West Germany showing a significant 
gain of 28 percent. 

The causes of this decline in PRC imports are 
attributable primarily to hard currency difficulties, 
political disruptions, and natural disasters in China. 
In the context of these factors, therefore, it is not 
surprising that U.S. exports declined. 

Total U.S.-PRC trade fell to $336 million in 1976; 
U.S. exports were $135 million, down 56 percent 
from 1975; and U.S. imports were $201 million, up 
21 percent from 1975. Agricultural commodities ex- 
ported to China in 1976 amounted to only $44,000: 
Onion seed, $40,000; carrot seed, $3,000; and 
grape wine, $1,000. 

Shipments of American manufactured goods also 
declined in 1976, as China reduced its foreign pur- 
chase of complete plants, equipment, and related 
technology. The PRC's complete plant program saw 
contracts of only about $200 million in 1976 com- 
pared with $2.5 billion in the period 1973-75. 

Aluminum ingot continued to be a primary U.S. 
export. A major worldwide Chinese aluminum pur- 
chase in 1975 totaled $216 million, of which the 
United States supplied $26 million in 1976 following 
shipments of $40 million in 1975. We do not ex- 
pect further aluminum purchases by the PRC in 
1977. 

A major share of U.S. manufactured products ex- 
ported continued to be equipment delivered in the 
first half of 1976 for the eight M.W. Kellogg Co. 
ammonia plant projects underway in China. 

Details of U.S. exports for 1976 may be found in 
Appendix D. Care should be exercised in the use of 
these data since much of the export of steam tur- 
bines, centrifugal compressors, fabricated structural 
steel, and the like is capital equipment destined for 
the Kellogg plants and does not necessarily reflect a 
current market in China for these American prod- 
ucts. Virtually all sales to China continue to be in 
the area of industrial raw materials and capital 
goods. 

In contrast to declining exports, U.S. imports 
from the PRC have displayed a steady increase over 
the past 5 years, rising to $202 million in 1976. 
Details are shown in Appendix E. Textiles, primarily 



cotton fabrics, and tin have been the major import 
items, in addition to antiques, fireworks, and basket- 
wares. The number one import from China in 1976 
was cotton fabrics, totaling almost $33 million. Tin 
imports of $13 million in 1976 declined from the 
record purchases of $40 million in 1975. Agricul- 
tural commodities from the PRC have totaled one- 
fifth to over one-fourth of imports from the PRC 
for the last 3 years. Major commodities imported in 
1976 continued to be feathers, bristles, and raw silk. 

U.S.-PRC Commercial/Scientific 
Exchanges 

In 1976, four commercial delegations were sent 
to the United States by the PRC, three marketing 
delegations and one purchasing mission. 

The first delegation, visiting from late January 
through early March, represented the China Na- 
tional Metals and Minerals Import and Export Cor- 
poration. They came to examine the American mar- 
ket for Chinese nonferrous metals and for hardware. 

The second delegation, from the China National 
Light Industrial Products Import and Export Cor- 
poration, discussed sporting goods, shoes, stationery, 
and musical instruments in February and March. 

The third delegation was the purchasing mission 
from the China National Technical Import Cor- 
poration. After visiting the United States from March 
through June, the 6-man delegation returned home 
after signing contracts in Washington with seven U.S. 
machine tool companies worth $7 million. 

The last delegation to visit, the jewelry division 
of China National Light Industrial Product Import 
and Export Corporation, toured the United States 
in September and October 1976. 

In contrast to 1975 when the first two American 
technical seminar-type trade missions visited the 
PRC, only one such group, an agricultural chemicals 
delegation sponsored by the National Council for 
U.S.-China Trade (NCUSCT), visited China in 
1976. Their visit in November had been deferred 
from August because of the Tangshan earthquake. 

In October, a delegation of board members from 
the National Council visited Peking; the first such 
visit had been in the fall of 1973 and a return visit 
was paid in 1975 by the Council's counterpart in the 
PRC, the China Council for the Promotion of In- 
ternational Trade. 

A number of other technical seminar-type mis- 
sions, including repeat trips of groups that went in 
1975, have been accepted for 1977. 



12 



Exchanges of a scientific and technical nature 
were arranged in 1976 through agreement between 
the U.S. Committee on Scholarly Communications 
with the People's Republic of China (CSCPRC) and 
the Scientific and Technical Association of the Peo- 
ple's Republic of China (STAPRC). 

Under the 1976 agreement, six Chinese groups 
visited the United States studying earthquake engi- 
neering in April, tumor immunology in May, agricul- 



tural mechanization in August and September, nat- 
ural gas in September, environmental sciences in 
September, and astronomy in November. 

American groups visiting the PRC investigated 
pure and applied mathematics in May, wheat studies 
in May, earthquake prediction techniques in June, 
steroid chemistry and biochemistry in October, and 
Chinese painting in October. 



13 



China's Balance of Payments: Over the Hump? 



In February 1977 observers of China's interna- 
tional financial policies were somewhat surprised by 
the news that China was preparing to sell over $300 
million dollars (80 metric tons) worth of gold on 
the London market. Since 1974, the general belief 
— acknowledged by Chinese leaders in numerous 
conversations — was that large agricultural pur- 
chases and a $2.5 billion complete plant import pro- 
gram, combined with slack demand for China's ex- 
ports, had put a tight strain on China's balance of 
payments and limited foreign exchange. Neverthe- 
less, most observers believe that China's conservative 
policies restricted its financial exposure and that its 
preeminently sound credit reputation was never in 
danger. 

The Recent Past 

Historically, the Chinese have moved rapidly to 
equilibrate their balance of trade following substan- 
tial deficits. They did so again in the mid-1970's 
after incurring a $1.7 billion hard currency trade 
deficit for the 1973-74 period. 

In the 1970's however, the economic environ- 
ment was not auspicious for an immediate dramatic 
improvement. In the first place, the world recession 
made it difficult to rapidly expand exports; in par- 
ticular, the export market for China's crude oil was 
considerably less favorable in 1975 and 1976 than 
it was in 1973 and 1974. In the second place, China 
had purchased about $2 billion worth of complete 
plants in 1973 and 1974 that were to be delivered 
between 1975 and 1978. 

While two-thirds of these purchases were bought 
on credit, the repayment periods were very short. To- 
gether with repayment for agricultural products pur- 
chased on short-term commercial credits, China had 
repayment obligations that totaled approximately 
$1.3 billion in 1976 and will have repayment obliga- 
tions of about $700 million annually in 1977, 1978, 
and 1979. 

Because of the slow growth of Chinese exports, 23 
percent of the hard currency actually earned in 1976 
already was committed because of previous con- 



tracts. China's financial obligations are small in rela- 
tion to those of many other developing countries and 
also are less than the rate at which China paid off 
Soviet loans in the 1960's; nevertheless, Chinese 
commentaries and actions indicate unease at such 
high levels of foreign financial liabilities. 

The Future 

By early 1977, it appeared that China already had 
passed over the worst of its financial "mini-crisis." 
Preliminary estimates of 1976 trade indicate that a 
substantial surplus was restored to the trade ac- 
count. After 1976, we estimate that financial obliga- 
tions will drop significantly; even if China's exports 
grow by only 5 percent in 1977, the projected repay- 
ment-export ratio is only about 10.6 percent — a 53 
percent decline from 1976. 

It should be emphasized that data on China's 
trade and finance — and particularly on the exact 
timing of repayment — is incomplete, but it is un- 
likely that the picture painted here is basically in 
error. It is possible, however, that 1977 repayments 
are somewhat higher than our estimate and that the 
recent gold sales were needed for 1977 payments. 
While this would place the bulge of repayments 
somewhat later than we estimate, it would not con- 
tradict the basic conclusion that China, through its 
policy of restraints on new purchases, has managed 
to quickly reduce its outstanding financial obliga- 
tions to very low levels. 

If repayments associated with past purchases were 
not the primary factor that stimulated the recent gold 
sales, what are the alternative explanations? One 
possibility is that the Bank of China concluded that 
the price of gold was unlikely to rise much higher 
and chose to reduce the importance of gold in its 
foreign exchange portfolio. A second possibility 
stems from recent statements by Chinese officials 
forecasting a renewed interest in purchasing foreign 
plant and technology. The sale of gold, then, may 
have been made in preparation for expected cash 
outlays for new purchases. 



14 



Another possibility, and one that is decidedly less do not amount to a significant burden on China's 

optimistic from the point of view of Chinese plan- balance of payments in the next few years. However, 

ners, is suggested by recent increased purchases of if substantially larger purchases will be required 

grain following the disappointing harvest of 1976. during the remainder of the 1970's, China's financial 

Grain purchases to date (6.5 million tons for de- capability, as in 1973 and 1974, could be severely 

livery in 1977 compared with 2 million tons in 1976) impaired. 



15 



Recent Trends in the Value of the Ren Min Bi 



The value of China's currency, the Ren Min Bi 
(RMB — also referred to as the "Yuan"), has fluc- 
tuated within relatively narrow limits since the sum- 
mer of 1975. From the beginning of August 1975 to 
the end of March 1977, the RMB's value seldom 
has fallen below 50.5 U.S. cents or risen above 53 
U.S. cents. 

American importers' concern over possible losses 
due to increases in the dollar cost of RMB denomi- 
nated contracts between the time the contract is 
signed and the time in which the products must be 
paid have been reduced significantly. This has been 
accomplished through the basic stability in the RMB 
— U.S. dollar exchange rate and the PRC's willing- 
ness to denominate export contracts in dollars. For 
this reason, it appears that American importers have 
not found it necessary to purchase RMB "forward." 

The greater stability of the RMB in 1976 also is 
shown by the relatively small number of changes in 
its value in relation to other currencies. In the last 
6 months of 1976, the value of the RMB was 
changed only three to five times in relation to the 
Hong Kong dollar, the German mark, and the 
French franc. A moderate number of changes (one 
to two times a month) were made against the cur- 



rencies of Holland, Denmark, Switzerland, Sweden, 
Austria, Italy, and Norway. The RMB exchange rate 
in terms of the currencies of Canada, Japan, the 
United States and the United Kingdom was changed 
more often, but less than once a week on the average. 

The Bank of China has not revealed the formula 
on which it bases the RMB's valuation. In answer 
to the questions of one U.S. banker, however, they 
did say that, in principal, the external value of the 
RMB in terms of all currencies was kept unchanged. 

Changes in the RMB exchange rates are required 
as some currencies weaken and others strengthen. 
Analysis of the exchange rate changes support this 
description. Exchange rates are adjusted by the Chi- 
nese to maintain very close consistency with interna- 
tional money market conditions. Divergences in 
"cross rates" generally are not allowed to exceed Vi 
of 1 percent for more than 1 day. The Bank of China 
probably bases the value of the RMB on movements 
in a number of important currencies, but also may 
include the prices of a few commodities such as 
gold. For example, preliminary analysis indicates a 
strong correlation between the RMB exchange rate 
and the values of the German mark, the French 
franc, and the British pound. 



16 



Recent Commerce Market Assessments 



Telecommunications Equipment 

An annual market potential of about $40 million 
is projected for Western telecommunications exports 
to the PRC by 1985, according to a report of Febru- 
ary 1977 by the Department's Bureau of East-West 
Trade. 

China's telecommunications sector has expanded 
rapidly since the end of the Cultural Revolution, but 
its domestic communications capability in particular 
remains inadequate in relation to national needs. 

During the Fourth Five Year Plan period, China 
relied heavily on Western equipment and technology 
to revolutionize its international telecommunications 
capabilities — including the purchase of three U.S.- 
made earth satellite stations. 

The report shows that the major focus on China's 
telecommunications needs during the next decade 
will be in making maximum use of two high-powered 
multichannel communications trunk systems that 
were installed recently. 

These systems — a 960-channel transistorized 
microwave relay system and a 480-channel coaxial 
cable link — provide connections to much of the 
heavily populated area of China. However, they 
remain greatly under-utilized because of the lack of 
modern multiplexing and telephone switching equip- 
ment. 

It is anticipated that China will now turn to this 
aspect of improving domestic telecommunications 
capabilities. Depending on China's foreign trade 
policies, there will probably be a market either for 
production technology and facilities or for the 
equipment itself. 

Continued rapid development of the infant televi- 
sion sector also suggests that the more open foreign 
trade policies pursued by Chinese leaders since the 
fall of 1976 could lead to reopening of negotiations 
for a complete television tube manufacturing facil- 
ity. Finally, the projected rapid expansion of the tele- 
vision and motion picture sectors implies a continu- 
ing need for various kinds of studio equipment to 
film, edit, and reproduce programs. 



Since Chairman Mao's wife, Chiang Ching, and 
other members of the so-called "gang of four" were 
particularly influential in matters of culture, mass 
media, and propaganda, it is probable that their fall 
from power will have a significant impact on tele- 
communications policies. The official press already 
has accused them of heavy-handed censorship of 
newspapers and movies as well as delaying the de- 
velopment of the television industry by preventing 
the import of foreign technology. One article empha- 
sized that "while stressing independence and self- 
reliance, we do not advocate seclusion." 

The attacks on the "gang of four's" telecommuni- 
cations import program, however, have a "two- 
edged sword" quality since they also contained criti- 
cism of the "gang's" excessive reliance on foreign 
countries for movies, and for "full sets of television 
equipment, including video and audio equipment." 
In general, the "gang of four" was accused of mini- 
mizing China's ability to self-reliantly develop pro- 
duction ability in the telecommunications sector. 

The general thrust of the current policy seems to 
indicate an acceleration of China's own productive 
capacities in this sector, but clearly also signals a 
willingness to import production equipment and 
technology if this will speed China's drive towards 
self-reliance. Such a policy would be consistent with 
the policy China has followed in the previous quar- 
ter century. 

The telecommunications market report points out 
that while the absolute level of telecommunication 
imports is expected to continue to rise, China's tele- 
communication sector probably will continue to be 
successful in further increasing its degree of domestic 
self-reliance. 

Coal Mine Equipment 

Coal is the primary base of the Chinese energy 
supply, constituting more than two-thirds of all pri- 
mary energy produced in the PRC. Output of coal 
ran about 448 million metric tons in 1976, but 
growth declined to 5 percent over 1975. (See the 
Bureau of East-West Trade's market assessment for 



17 



the PRC on Coal Mine Equipment, published March 
1977.) 

Coal continues to be a problem sector of the econ- 
omy, reflecting years of inadequate investment in 
mine mechanization and coal preparation facilities. 
Three national coal conferences convened in Peking 
(November 1975; November 1976; and February 
1977) have focused attention on the pressing need 
for improvement in this basic industry with this lag- 
ging technology. 

Although the Chinese coal mine equipment indus- 
try has demonstrated a capability to produce a wide 
range of equipment, output has not been able to meet 
demand. Since 1972, over $100 million in foreign 
manufactured equipment has been imported, al- 
though this program stagnated during 1976 probably 
as a result of political interference and hard cur- 
rency shortages. 

If industrial growth increases at 9 to 10 percent 



annually, the Chinese mining equipment industry 
will be unable to supply all the equipment needed to 
expand coal's productive capacity by 300 million 
tons by 1985. Hence, there is every expectation the 
Chinese will import mining equipment in substantial 
quantities. Types of equipment rnost likely to be im- 
ported include long wall miners, a mix of highly pro- 
ductive shovels and trucks for strip mining, and coal 
preparation equipment. 

During 1976, the PRC announced that more than 
50 new mines had been opened, including a fully 
mechanized 600,000 tons-per-year facility. A new 
continuous miner designed for thin seams and a 
vertical shaft drill capable of reaching depths of 
1,500 meters were announced in 1976. 

Earlier market assessments for the PRC by the 
Bureau of East-West Trade include Electric Power 
Equipment, February 1975; and Construction 
Equipment, March 1976. 



18 



Appendices 



m 



Appendix A. — China's Foreign Trade, 1950-76 
(in millions of U.S. dollars) 

Exports Imports 

Year Total f.o.b. c.i.f. 

1950 1,210 620 590 

1952 1,890 875 1,015 

1957 3,055 1,615 1,440 

1959 4,290 2,230 2,060 

1962 2,670 1,520 1,150 

1965 3,880 2,035 1,845 

1969 3,860 2,030 1,830 

1970 4,290 2,050 2,240 

1971 4,720 2,415 2,305 

1972 5,920 3,085 2,835 

1973 10,090 4,960 5,130 

1974 13,950 6,570 7,380 

1975 14,320 6,930 7,385 

1976 13,200 7,000 6,200 

Note and source: 

1950-75: Central Intelligence Agency. People's Republic of China: International Trade Handbook, October 1976. 
1976: Preliminary estimates. 



21 



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23 



Appendix D. — U.S. Exports to China for 1976 by Schedule "B" 7-Digit Code 

Schedule B SITC Commodity Total 

6840120 68410 ALUP £ ALUM AL , ONWP, NEC 25,641,310 

711310C 71131 STM ENG £ TRBS IN BLRS £ PTS 7,850,479 

2662120 26621 STAPLE, POLYESTR, NT CRD ETC 7,482,673 

7191975 71919 MCHS, PTS NEC TRTMT CHNG TMP 6,492,033 

7192230 71922 GAS COMPRESS CENTRIF £ AXIAL 5,600,032 

7116C00 71160 GAS TURBNS NEC 6 PT NECH DPI 4,815,518 

7111050 71110 STEAM POWER BOILERS, NEC 3,293,546 

2820010 28200 NO. 1 HVY MLT STL SCR E> STS 3,205,659 

7320346 73240 SPEC-PUR NM IL VEH, NEC, NEfc 3,066,174 

7192220 71922 AIR COMPRESS STNRY OV ICC HP 3,C41,C68 

7193180 71931 LIFT £ LOAD MACHS NEC £ PTS 2,842,200 

6785032 6785C ST TB A PIPE FLANGES FCRGED 2,748,058 

5999920 59999 CMPND CATALYSTS, EXC NICKEL 2,489,747 

7199242 71992 NONAOTO VLVS, TAPS, PTS, I/S 2,315,073 

6782010 6782C CARB ST STAND PIPE SMLSS 6LK 2,184,910 

7320320 73240 TRLCKS, OFF-HIGHWAY, NCNMIL 1,926,435 

7111040 71110 WTR TBE PWR BLRS, GV 400,000 1,713,649 

6911015 6911C FABR STRUCTURAL IRON £ STEEL 1,67C,815 

7151032 7151C INT CYL GRIND MCH $10C0 £ CV 1,473,779 

6921110 69211 TANK, ST, MFG £ SEP, 1 CR S 1,428,912 

5812006 58120 PGLYETH RESIN, HIGH DENSITY 1,401,000 

7115C68 71150 PTS NEC FOR INT COMB ENG NEC 1,330,277 

6785060 67850 IRN TUBE £ PIPE FITTINGS NEC 1,326,375 

2518220 25162 PULP SULFITE SFTWD BLEACHEC 1,302,057 

7199202 71992 CONTRL VLVS, PNEUMAT ACTLATD 1,259,726 

6785034 67850 ST TB A PIPE FIT FORG WLC TP 1,229,661 

5999910 59999 NICKEL COMPCUND CATALYSTS 1,165,356 

7184254 71842 BORNG £ DRILL MCH MINNG ETC 1,102,212 

512C610 512CC FUNGICIDES 1,076,665 

715223C 71522 HOT RLLNG MILL MACH, FERRCUS 1,001,882 

7192250 71922 PTS ATTCH NEC PMPS CMPRS NEC 951,684 

2820080 282C0 IRON SCRAP, NEC 940,872 

7112030 71120 STEAM GEN POKER BCILER ACCES 840,046 

8911135 89111 RECORDERS, MAG TAPE, VICEC 806,150 

7192170 71921 PTS £ ATTACH NEC, PMPS, LCD 796,843 

7191970 71919 HEAT EXCHANGERS, NEC 777,940 

7112010 71120 STM CNDNSRS, POWR BLR ACCES 737,295 

7184264 71842 WELL DRILLNG MACH PARTS, ETC 734,181 

6785036 67850 ST TB PIP FT UN FCRG KLC TP 707,222 

5146040 5140C SOOIUM BICHROMATE £ CHRCMATE 684,689 

5120290 512CC CYCLIC CHEM INTRMDTES, NEC 661,532 

7111060 71110 STEAM GEN POWR BOILR PTS NEC 642,348 

8619734 86197 IND INST FOR MEAS FLCW ETC 639,231 

7193150 71931 GIL FIELD ECUIP NEC, PTS NEC 627,948 

5146C20 514CC SODILM TRI PCLYPHOPH AT E 625,338 

7151001 71510 MACH CENTERS N/C METCUTG NEW 618,214 

5120672 512CC INSCTDS A AGRCTRL CHMCLS NEC 595,058 

7191430 71914 PTS £ ATTCH NEC NONEL FLRNCS 592,148 

6782065 67820 AL ST TB £ PIP SM EX STL NEC 556,892 

6842510 68425 ALUM £ ALUM AL ELEC CONDUIT 505,048 

7349230 73492 PTS £ ACCESS, NEC FCR A/C 468,174 

24 



Appendix D. — U.S. Exports to China for 1976 by Schedule "B" 7 -Digit Code — Continued 

Schedule B SITC Commodity Total 

STNS ST TUB PIP WLD EX PRESS 464,518 

PIPE HANGERS £ SUPPORTS, US 455,392 

INSLLTD EL C8LE CCRC WRE NEC 422,907 

PTS NEC FOR INDUS INST NEC 418,130 

VALVES, CNTRL, REG £ SCL NEC 415,071 

DICTAT £ RECORD MACHINE PART 409,060 

WATER TURBNS £ WTR ENGS NEC 405,551 

POLE LINE ETC HRDWRE I CR ST 404,900 

IND PROC VESSLS NEC, PTS NEC 385,355 

IR OR ST ELECTRICAL CCNC FIT 370,296 

CARB STL LINE PIPE SEAVLESS 359,968 

CLAY REFRACT CEMNTS CR MRTRS 293,579 

ROTARY PUMPS FOR LICUICS 286,590 

CNTRFGL PMP LQD, MULTI-STAGE 274,627 

ACICS AND ANHYDRIDES. NEC 269,850 

ELE £ PROTRN ACCELRATRS £ PT 269,804 

DIGITAL ELCTR COMPUTERS 265,345 

BOLTS, TH RDS £ STOSt I OP S 262,303 

PTS ACCES A ATCHMTS F EXCVTR 259,218 

OTHER THERMOPLASTIC RESINS 236,800 

ARTICLES, IRCN CR STEEL, NEC 229,066 

PTS OF SEMI IN CHIPS 6 WAFPS 228,350 

ALKALIES, NEC 220,884 

FOAMED PLASTIC PROD FINISHED 212*516 

HEAT EXCHNGRS PWR BOIL ACCES 204,991 

ST TB A PIPE FIT A UN NEC 202,663 

PTS £ ACC NEw MOT VEF REPLAC 198,451 

IND PROC PANEL BOAPC INSTPTS 189,339 

ALUM £ ALUM ALLOY SHEETS 177,125 

SWITCHGEAR, NEC, £ PARTS, NE 170,496 

ARTIFICIAL CORUNDUM 170,350 

PTS NEC, FANS £ BLOWERS, NEC 169,346 

N-CLAY REFRACT CEMNT CR MRTR 166,557 

CARB ST STANO PIPE WELD BLCK 163,738 

AIRCRAFT TURBINE PARTS, NEC 160,452 

FILTERING ETC MCHS £ PTS NEC 160,434 

CARB STL PRESS TUB SMLS NEC 154,797 

EXCAVTRS CRWLR MTO CBL CP Nfc 152,130 

MCH £ MECH APL, NEC, PTS NEC 151,329 

WELDING ROD, AND WIRE ETC 143,619 

CONST MAT PRESSED MOLCEC GLS 140,834 

STLS ST PR TUB WLC CL RV NEC 139,212 

COPPER £ COPPER AL PIPE FTNG 137,180 

PTS £ ACC TRACKLAYING TRCTRS 137,121 

COMPOSITE SOLVENTS £ THINNER 134,904 

PARTS ETC FOR INSTRUMENTS 134,657 

ALUM £ ALUM AL PIPE FTNG 129,050 

AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS 125,187 

REGLLATCR VALVES, SLF CPRTVE 119,517 

TV STUDIO EGUIP EXC VIO TAPE 117,596 

ELECTRONIC NAVIGATICNAL AICS 1C8,C68 

25 



6783085 


67830 


6989160 


69891 


7231C8C 


7231C 


8619946 


86199 


7199216 


71992 


8911210 


89112 


7118120 


71181 


6989110 


69891 


7191973 


71919 


6785050 


67850 


6782C20 


6782C 


6623320 


66233 


7192145 


71921 


7192135 


71921 


5120969 


5120C 


7297C00 


72970 


7143C05 


71430 


6942110 


69421 


7184216 


71842 


58UC10 


58110 


6989180 


69891 


7293C93 


7292C 


5147C10 


514CC 


8930005 


89300 


7112020 


7112C 


6785038 


67350 


7328948 


73289 


7295274 


72952 


6842240 


68422 


7222086 


7222C 


5136600 


51366 


7192260 


71922 


6623340 


66233 


6783005 


67830 


7114230 


71142 


7192370 


71923 


6782C30 


67820 


7184203 


71842 


7198095 


71980 


6988710 


69687 


6646000 


66460 


6783080 


67830 


68226C0 


68226 


7328930 


73289 


5999520 


59995 


8619999 


86199 


6842600 


63426 


7295259 


72952 


7199212 


71992 


7249957 


72499 


7249970 


72499 



Appendix D. — U.S. Exports to China for 1976 by Schedule "B" 7 -Digit Code — Continued 

Schedule B SITC Commodity Total 

7295266 72952 PHY PROP TEST ETC, INSTP ElE 102,716 

7295205 72952 WAVEFORM ANALYZING INSTP NEC 101,880 

6782015 67820 CARB ST STAND PIPE SMLSS GAL ' 99,656 

6623205 66232 FIRECLAY BRICK £ SIM SHAPES 98,153 

5120430 512CC RUBBER ANT I CXID ANTS , CYCLIC 96,950 

7222032 7222C AC MTR CNTL CNTRS 600 V UN 95,330 

8613300 86133 MICRC £ OIFFRAC APPAR, ELECT 89,123 

5999970 59999 OTHER CHEM PRODLCTS CR PREP 85,978 

6649420 66494 GLASS FIBER FOR INSULATICN 85,821 

7249935 72499 COMM EQUIP NEC, £ PARTS, NEC 84,970 

7192110 71921 RECIP PMPS, LQO, NOT CIl-FlD 84,686 

5811C35 5811C POLYESTER INC OIALLYL PHTHAL 79,825 

7149207 71492 STR DV RND AC ELEC CCMP 78,800 

7222C86 7222C PANEL OIST BDS NOT GV 750V 78,664 

8912C5C 8912C TAPE, MAGNETIC FOR COMPLTERS 78,243 

7299820 72998 ELECTRICAL PARTS, NEC 75,880 

7231C77 7231C INSLLATED MAGNET WIRE, NEC 74,870 

7295286 72952 GAS £ LIQUID ANALYSIS INSTS 71,407 

8619920 86199 PTS FOR TEST APP, IM.E.C. 71,152 

6638117 66381 ASBESTOS INSULATION, HEAT CR 69,841 

6912060 69120 FIN STR £ STR PTS OF AL NEC 68,761 

729991C 72999 SIGNAL GENERATORS 67,538 

7191935 71919 MACHS TRTMNT CHEM CHNG TEMP 67,220 

8619600 86196 HYDROMETERS, ETC, NCT ELEC 66,494 

8619826 86198 INST FOR PHY PROP TESTING 65,961 

7295255 72952 GEOPHYSICAL PROSPECTING APP 65,125 

5120420 512C0 RUBBER ACCELERATORS, CYCLIC 65,034 

7222C12 7222C CIRCUIT BREAKERS, NEC, £ PTS 62,892 

5120659 5120C ORG PHOSPHATE INSECTDS NEC 60,600 

3325050 33250 LUBRICATING OILS, NEC 60,314 

5120993 512CC MISC ORG CHEMS, EX CYC, NEC 57,202 

6911080 69110 FIN STR £ STR PTS I £ S NEC 56,803 

5136932 51369 INORG BASES, ETC, NEC 56,764 

7295282 72952 FLOW £ LIQUID LEVEL INSTRNTS 54,424 

7185145 71851 MNERL CLASSIF MCF PT £ ATTCH 54,363 

6638120 66381 AS8EST0S TEXTILES AND YARNS 52,057 

7192128 71921 CNTFGL PMP SS-SS-FM 3 IN £ CV 51,383 

7199218 71992 PARTS ETC NEC F CNT ETC VLVS 51,209 

7192164 71921 PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS, NEC 49,268 

8619830 86198 OPTICAL MEASURING INSTRUMENT 49,244 

7192310 71923 OIL, GAS SEP EQUIP, PTS NEC 48,876 

7149218 71492 PTS £ ACC F COMPUTER RLTD MS 47,30C 

7195435 71954 HOLC £ POSIT EC, MACH TCCL 46,822 

2820040 28200 NO. 2 BUND STL SCR EX STNLES 44,516 

7349220 73492 LANCING GEAR £ PTS FOR A/C 44,283 

729411C 72941 CRANKNG MOT ELE, INT CCM ENG 42,261 

7231060 72310 INSULTD BUILDNG WIRE £ CABLE 42,097 

5333220 53322 EXTR OIL-TYPE PAINTS, ETC 40,688 

2925070 29250 GNICN SEED 4C,239 

7355C77 73592 SPCL PURP VSSLS EX CRCGS NEW 39,940 

7195452 71954 PTS, NEC, MET-CUT MACH TLS 39,625 

26 



Appendix D. — U.S. Exports to China for 1976 by Schedule "B" 7 '-Digit Code — Continued 

Schedule B SITC Commodity Total 

722100* 72210 STM TR8N GEN STS UN 100CC KW 39,359 

7199207 71992 CONTROL VALVES, ELCT/HYDR CP 38,645 

3229620 332^6 ASPH £ TAR COAT CEP £ PITCH 37,632 

7295236 72952 ELE QTY IND INSTR NCNREC NEC 37,312 

7295288 72952 INO PROCESS INST NEC DIR-CEF 37,016 

8619933 86199 PTS NEC FOR LAB £ CPT INSTS 35,738 

7184258 71842 MINING, 60RNG FTC PT £ ATTCH 35,541 

7249945 72499 TV BROADCAST TRANSMITTERS 35,132 

8619722 86197 IND INST FOR DISPLAY £ CNTRL 34,295 

5120940 512CC ETHANCLAM INES 34,242 

7193197 71931 PARTS AND ACCESS FOR CRANES 33,064 

7249950 724<5<9 RAD £ TV 8R0ADCAST AUC EGLIP 31,553 

7191960 71919 CONDENSERS, NOT HH REFRIG 31,300 

8912C4C 89120 TAPE, MAGNETIC, VIOEC 30,545 

7221066 72210 PTS NEC, MTRS, GENS, GEN STS 29,834 

678204C 6782C CARB ST TBS £ PIPE SMLSS NEC 29,307 

8619720 861S7 AIR ENG INST FCR MEAS ETC 27,552 

7199400 71994 GASKETS, LAMNTD MTL £ NCNNTL 26,904 

6783010 6783C CARB ST STAND PIPE WELC GAL 26,637 

5416210 54162 BLOOD DERIVATIVES, HUMAN USE 25,C99 

7149202 714S2 OUTPT DV ELEC CCMP £ PTS 25,025 

8619822 86198 INSTRUMENTS FOR CHEM ANAL 24,927 

6952308 69523 MECH HAND SERV TOOLS, NEC 24,562 

7221084 72210 TRANSFORMERS, NEC 24,559 

6783C70 67830 AL ST PIP £ TB WL EX STL NEC 24,352 

6783015 67830 CARBON STEEL LINE PIPE WELC 23,764 

6988720 69887 ARC BELONG ELECTROS ST, CLT 22,950 

7295235 72952 PORTBLE METR £ LAB STANCARCS 22,791 

6792010 6792C CARBON STEEL CASTING, RCUGF 22,443 

7320140 73210 P CARS NMILASM OV 6 CYL NEW 21,842 

7299815 72998 ELECTRONIC PARTS, NEC 20,294 

7184250 71842 CNSTRCTN ETC PTS £ ATTCH NEC 19,943 

7249920 72499 RAD COMM SYS, E XC MCBLE £ MW 19,935 

8641400 86414 WATCH CASES £ PARTS THERECF 19,841 

7249985 72499 PTS £ ACC NEC FCR TELCCV ECP 19,707 

7294150 72941 PTS, IGN EQP, INT CCMB ENG 19,561 

7295295 72952 ELEC INSTR FOR NCN ELEC CTY 19,059 

6551060 65510 FLTS ETC NEC TEXTILE Fie NEC 18,730 

7191225 71912 AIR COND NEC NOV 60,000 BTU 18,504 

7232300 72323 CONDUIT TUBING £ JNTS BS NTL 17,946 

8619939 86199 PTS FOR NAV £ ACRFT INST NEC 17,628 

8616940 86169 STILL PICTURE EGUIP ETC NEC 17,384 

7221046 72210 AC GENERATORS NOT OVR 15C KW 17,328 

6783050 67820 CR ST TB PIP WL X SH MTL NEC 17,163 

6782075 67820 STLS ST PR TUB SMLS NEC 17,038 

7295215 72952 MICROWAVE TEST INSTR, NEC 16,907 

9310010 921C0 VALUE CF REPAIRS ALTERATNS 16,541 

7222C99 72220 SWITCHES, NEC; ANO PARTS 16,140 

6762010 67620 ST RAIL JOINTS £ TIE PLATES 16,058 

7149209 71492 STR DV (X RO AC) EL CMP £ PT 15,S3C 

5120510 512CC PLAST IC IZERS , EXCEPT CYCLIC 15,543 

27 



Appendix D. — U.S. Exports to China for 1976 by Schedule "B" 7-Digit Code — Continued 

Schedule B SITC Commodity Total 

7114160 71141 INT COMB A/C ENG PARTS, NEC 14,772 

5120920 512CC PROPYL ALCCHCL 'PROPANCl' 14,750 

6415035 6415C SPECIAL PAPERBOARD, NEC 14,647 

7295278 72952 SELF-BALANCING TEMP INSTRMTS 14,585 

7192140 71921 CNTRFGL PUMPS LIQUICS, NEC 14,222 

6911030 69110 FABRICATED STEEL PLATE 14,089 

7195454 71954 PTS, NEC, MET-WK MA TLS 13,301 

8619140 86191 GEOPHYS £ MINRL PRCSPCT INST 12,593 

8124260 81242 LTG EQ BA MET NEC £ PTS NEC 12,503 

8619760 86197 AUTO CQNTR VARIABLES LIC GAS 12,270 

7221C30 72210 MOTCRS, DC, OVER 200 HP 11,985 

7295202 72952 OSCILLOSCOPES 11,660 

7192350 71923 PURIF ETC MCHS PTS NEC 11,520 

5999210 59992 ACTIVATED CARBON 11,432 

7222091 7222C SWITCHES, VEHICLE £ AIRCRAFT 11,175 

7295262 72952 INSTR FOR PHYS CR CHEM ANLYS 10,778 

8912060 89120 DISCS, MAGNETIC FCR CCMPUTPS 10,545 

7149201 71492 INPT DV ELEC COMPT £ PTS 10,450 

7295280 72952 PRESSURE, DRFT, VACUUM INSTR 10,350 

7295290 72952 INO PROCESS INST NEC SLF-BAL 1CC65 

5120440 5120C R8R CMPNDNG CHEMS, CYCL, NEC 10,030 

7221090 7221C COILS, TRNS ETC, PTS, EL CMP 10,005 

7198C62 7196C 0/G FLO WR LN £ $WN HL ECLIP 9,936 

7299930 72999 ELECT APPARTUS NEC £ PTS NEC 9,694 

6429885 64299 PPR, PPRBRD, ETC, PRDCTS NEC 9,642 

6782085 67820 STNLS ST TUB & PIPE SMLS NEC 9,454 

7328920 73289 PTS £ ACC, NEC, UHL TRACTCRS 9,231 

7293091 72930 SOL STATE SEMICON UEV, NEC 8,948 

5419933 54199 X-RAY CONTRAST MEDIA 8,800 

7222057 72220 CONNCTRS, COAXIAL AS ELCT CO 8,640 

7249980 72499 ELECTR TELECOMM EQUIP, NEC 8,389 

7193142 71931 PTS, ATTACH NEC LDG ETC MCHS 8,275 

6982010 69820 SAFES, INSULTD CF BASE METL 7,808 

8414890 84144 OUTERGARMENT TEX NEC KT GIRL 7,794 

7231050 7231C INSULTD PWR WRE, CBL 6C1V CV 7,616 

7295248 72952 NUCLR MONIT INST, NEC 7,243 

5136510 51365 ALUMINUM OXIDE 7,C79 

7295292 72952 IND PROCESS TYPE INSTR, NEC 7,040 

5419940 54199 PHARMACEUTICAL GOODS, NEC 7,000 

3325055 33250 LUBRICATING GREASES 6,972 

7295210 72952 FREQUENCY MEASURING INSTR 6,700 

7295220 72952 TEST INSTR FOR ELE CIR £ MCT 6,695 

664945C 66494 ARTICLES OF GLASS FIBER, NEC 6,602 

8619727 86197 INO INST FOR MEAS TEMP ETC 6,449 

8643000 86420 WATCH MOV CLCK £ WATCH PARTS 6,393 

7295238 72952 ELECT QTY RECORDING INSTR 6,111 

7197010 7197C BALL BEARNGS, CMPLT, ANNULAR 5,890 

7320208 73230 TRUCKS ASM GAS 6001-10000 LB 5,827 

7198070 7198C MCH F PROD SEMICNDTRS A PTS 5,749 

5333230 53332 EXTR WTR-TYPE EMULSN PAINTS 5,656 

7193103 71931 PTS A ATT NEC, FCR CRANES, NEC 5,647 

28 



Appendix D. — U.S. Exports to China for 1976 by Schedule "B" 7-Digit Code — Continued 

Schedule B SITC Commodity Total 

8124220 81242 OUTCR FLO LGT EC BA MET NEC 5,57C 

5811C43 5811C EPOXY RESINS, UNFINISHED 5,497 

7192162 71921 1 L-WELL/F I ELD PUMPS F L1CCS 5,25C 

7221088 72210 NONROTATNG RECTFRS, PTS, NEC 5,245 

8921120 89211 TECH, SCIEN £ PROF BCCKS 5,128 

8611120 86111 OPTICAL ELEMENT LNMCUN, NEC 5,110 

5333280 53332 IND PROO FINISHES, EX LACQRS 5,042 

7320160 73210 PASS CARS, N0NMILIT4RY, USEC 5,000 

5542C26 5542C OETERGENTS, NONIONIC, BLLK 4,897 

8121040 81210 CENT HEAT APP NEC & PTS NEC 4,830 

7293C73 7293C IC3S, MONOLITHIC, ANALCG 4,788 

8210310 82103 BEDSPRINGS INCL CUSH SPR ETC 4,752 

5333270 53332 INDUSTRIAL LACQUERS 4,721 

7151071 71510 MTLCTG MACH TLS VAL UN $10C0 4,693 

7231040 72310 INSULTD PR WRE, CBL UN 601 V 4,671 

7295257 72952 METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS 4,607 

6782095 67820 ELEC CON SMLS ALL ST GRAOES 4,599 

7195320 71953 LUB EQUI PNEU HHLD £ PTS NEC 4,568 

6983030 6983C WELCED CHAIN £ PT NEC I CR S 4,435 

7294145 72941 IGNITION EQP NEC INT CCM ENG 4,375 

7250110 72501 REFRIGERATORS, ELECT, HHCLD 4,186 

8929100 89291 PAPER £ PAPERBOARO LABELS 4,100 

7199350 71993 MECH PWR TRNSMN EQ, NEC, PTS 4,067 

7299425 72994 ALARM £ SIGNL SYS, NEC 4,048 

899521C 89952 BUTTONS AND PARTS, NEC 3,973 

6988730 69887 ARC WELD ELCTRDS BS MTL, CLT 3,883 

6989940 69894 BOLT NUT ETC BASE METAL NEC 3,867 

8613930 86139 OPTICAL APPLIANCES, NEC 3,865 

7249925 72499 MICROWAVE CCMM SYS £ EQLIP 3,861 

8630910 863C9 35 MM POS M P FEAT FILMS DEV 3,790 

6783025 67830 CARB ST PRESS TUB WELC NEC 3,772 

7197030 7197C RLLR BEARNGS, CMPL, CYLNCRCL 3,664 

7293015 7293C CATHODE RAY TV CAMERA TUBES 3,625 

7199246 71992 NONAUTO VLVS, PTS, NCNFR MTL 3,554 

7231071 7231C INS COP MAG WIRE 33AfcG £ FIN 3,517 

3329180 33291 NONLUB NONFUEL PETRCLfcUM NEC 3,509 

7222068 72220 CURNT CARRYNG WIRNG CVCS NEC 3,450 

7299610 72996 ELE CARBON BRUSH-PLT £ BRSHS 3,442 

8929850 89299 PRINTED MATTER, NEC 3,202 

7231010 72310 INSULTD COMLNCTN WIRE £ CBLE 3,112 

6989950 69898 ARTICLES OF BASE METALS NEC 3,080 

5133100 51331 HYDRCL £ CHLROSULFNC ACIDS 3,054 

7222013 7222C DISCNCT SWTCHS OV 750 V, PTS 3,020 

6988200 69882 FLEXIBL TUBNG £ PIPNG BS ML 2,006 

8929200 89292 PLANS 5 DRAWINGS, NT PRINTED 3,000 

7293043 7293C PTS £ ACC FOR ELCTRN TUBES 2,989 

6119660 61199 LEA, NEC, EXC RCUGH CR CRIST 2,966 

7291140 72911 PARTS, NEC, FOR PRIMARY 8ATT 2,828 

6635040 6635C MINERAL INSULATING MAILS NEC 2,806 

6952425 69524 REAMERS 2,802 

7221018 7221C PTS, NEC, TLRBN GENRTCR SETS 2,8C0 

29 



Appendix D. — U.S. Exports to China for 1976 by Schedule "B" 7 -Digit Code — Continued 

Schedule B SITC Commodity Total 

2925065 29250 CARROT SEED 2,758 

8630920 863C9 16 W M P FEATURE FILMS 2,732 

8619958 86199 PTS NEC FOR HYDRMS ETC 2,683 

7292C40 72920 MERCURY VAPOR LAMPS 2,646 

6972110 69721 STAMP CCOK UTENSIL ETC ST SL 2,488 

7249165 72491 TELEGRPh «*IRE» APR I EC NEC 2,399 

7299250 72992 PTS 8 ACC NEC FCR ARC WELDPS 2,307 

695235C 69523 HAND TOCLS, AND PARTS NEC 2,306 

7123005 71230 MILKING MACHINES 2,300 

5812034 58120 STYRENE ION EXCHANGE RESINS 2,226 

7295276 72952 DIRECT-DEFLECT TEMP INSTRMT 2,219 

6635020 66350 MINERAL BLKS BRC PIPE INSLL 2,193 

8619915 86199 PTS FOR CIRCUT G MOT TST APP 2,158 

8995300 89953 SLICE FASTENERS 2,146 

6783095 67830 ELEC COND WLD EX PRESS TUB 2,121 

7197020 71970 BALL BEARINGS, COMPLETE, NEC 2,055 

6988740 69887 ARC WLD ELCTRD BS MTL, CCILS 1,924 

6744370 67413 AL STEEL PLATES EX STAINLESS 1,848 

6291C20 62910 TRUCK £ BUS TIRES, PNEUMATIC 1,800 

8210806 82109 HOUSE FURN WOOD NCT UPHCL 1,785 

7249230 72492 AUDIO-FREQ AMPLIFIERS & PTS 1,740 

7192340 71923 CNTFRGS, SEPRTRS NEC PTS NEC 1,732 

6952220 69522 WRENCHES 1,614 

6638160 66381 ASBEST MFRS EX FRCTN **AT NEC 1,603 

6822520 68225 COPPER AL TUBES, PIPES, ETC 1,600 

2820078 282C0 STEEL SCRAP, NEC 1,571 

6989220 69892 ARTICLES CF COPPER NEC 1,540 

7196340 71963 PTS 6 ACCSS, NEC, FCR SCALES 1,531 

5811C55 5811C SYN RESINS FOR PROTECTIVE CT 1,437 

6429850 64293 OFFICE SUPPLIES, NEC 1,408 

6322030 63220 COOPERAGE STOCK, NEW, NEC 1,395 

7222C66 7222C CONNECTORS, NEC 1,360 

6782055 67820 AL ST PRES TUB SML EX ST NEC 1,348 

6952130 69521 HAND SAWS, SAW FR t. BL 1,328 

6986120 69861 SPRINGS & LEAVES, STEEL, NEC 1,324 

7198029 7198C PLST-WKG MACH, NEC, PTS, NEC 1,319 

7199334 71993 PARTS, NEC F SPD CHNGRS, ETC 1,250 

8124240 81242 FLUOR EL LT FIX BA MET CCMM 1,244 

7296032 7296C PTS NEC F PT EL HDTL EX DRLS 1,199 

7296031 72960 PORT ELCTRC HNDTCS EXC CRILS 1,199 

1121000 11210 WINE OF GRAPE, £ GRAPE MLST 1,188 

5811C31 58110 PHENOLIC MOLDING COfPCUNDS 1,182 

7293075 72930 IC3S, MONOLITHIC, DIGITAL, M 1.156 

6952448 69524 PTS NEC F INTCHANG MT CUT TL 1,15C 

7222027 72220 CONTROL CIRCUIT RELAYS 1,143 

6312110 63121 PLYWOOD, HARDWCCD 1,142 

7221086 7221C PTS, NEC, TRNS, REGLTPS, ETC 1,138 

7221034 72210 AC PLYPH-IND MTRS NCV 2C HP 1,138 

6812140 68121 PLAT GR MET UNWRT NCT RC NEC 1,106 

8619500 86195 MECH APPL NCT ELEC 1,084 

6822130 68221 COPPER ALLCY BARS, ETC 1,080 

30 



Appendix D. — U.S. Exports to China for 1976 by Schedule "B" 7 -Digit Code — Continued 

Schedule B SITC Commodity Total 

7171315 71713 EXTRU MCH PTS, ACCES ETC NEC 1,037 

8619310 861S3 MACHIN PRECISON MEASUR TCCLS 1,016 

7221C76 7221C PR 6 OSTRB TRNSF NOV 50C KVA 962 

7249220 724S2 MICROPHONES, AND PARTS, NEC 950 

7250508 72505 COOKG RNGS £ OVENS EXC K1CRC 946 

8618240 66182 REVOLUTION COUNTERS, ETC NEC 810 

8619710 86197 LAB ETC INSTRUMENTS FOR MEAS 800 

7242C10 72420 RADIOS, HHLD TYPE, fc/C PHCNC 800 

6952530 69525 UNMTD INSERT BLDS FCR INT TL 660 

7293095 72930 PTS NEC FOR S.EMICONC DEVICES 6QC 

7199306 71993 MOUNTED BALL BEARINGS 520 

7293C22 7293C CATHCDE RAY TUBES, NEC 516 

6952230 69522 PLIERS, PINCERS, SIN HO TLS 510 

7181210 71812 PAPER CUTTING MACHINES, ETC 297 
TOTAL 135,38e,147 



31 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) ? '-Digit Code 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3202032 


65210 


6220200 


68710 


1861560 


29196 


7662560 


89606 


1863000 


29192 


3201038 


65210 


7551500 


57130 


2224000 


899 22 


3601500 


65750 


3080440 


26130 


3201058 


65210 


4175000 


51369 


1454400 


05171 


1861565 


29196 


1605000 


07410 


3203032 


65210 


1144557 


03130 


3066200 


26230 


6015400 


28392 


3802787 


84113 


1766000 


42290 


2224400 


899 22 


1611300 


07522 


7023780 


6557^ 


1618300 


07510 


7044010 


84126 


2225700 


65780 


6260200 


68610 


1144545 


03130 


4521800 


55110 


3201040 


65210 


7003550 


85102 


5219100 


27653 


8000030 


93100 


3202058 


65210 


4521200 


55110 


3202092 


65210 


70212 20 


84153 


4554000 


59955 


2226000 


89922 


5211700 


28330 


7652500 


89601 


1144562 


03202 


3201003 


65210 


2224100 


89922 


7061400 


89922 


7271000 


82100 


6320200 


68950 


7650300 


89601 


5206100 


66730 


1101012 


03110 



PC SHIRT NES WH COT NFBC 

TIN OTHER THAN ALLOYS UNWGRT 

FEATHERS NT MEETING FED STO 

ANTIQUES NSPF 

BRISTLES CRUDE OR PROCESSED 

ABC SHEET WH COT NFBC CRD 

FIREWORKS 

BASKETS AND BAGS BAMBOO 

FL C PILE ETC OV 66-2/3 CT 

SILK RAW IN SKEINS ETC NES 

TWILL NES WH COT NFBC CRD 

ANTIMONY OXIDE 

CASHEW NUTS SHELLED ETC 

DOWNS NOT MEETING FED STDS 

TEA, CRUDE OR PREPARED 

PC SHIRT NES WH COT NFBC 

SHRIMP, RAW, PEELED 

HAIR CASHMERE GOAT SORT ETC 

TUNGSTEN ORE 

MENS C SPORT SHIRT FLANNK NO 

TUNG OIL 

8SKTS BAG UNSPUN VEG MAT NES 

CASSIA, CAS BUD A VERA UNGRD 

H-WEAR OT FIB NO SEW ETC NB 

PEPPER CAPSICUM ETC UNGROUND 

COT GLOVES NO FOURCHETTES 

FLR COVER, UNSP VEG MTRL.NES 

UNWRO ZINC EXCEPT ALLOYED 

SHRIMPS AND PRAWNS, SHELL-ON 

CITRONELLA OIL 

S-F SHEET WH COT NF BC CRD 

FTWR, LEA, NES, MEN, CEMENT 

CRYOLITE OR KRYOLITH 

US GOODS RETURNED 

TWILL NES WH COT NFBC CRD 

CASSIA OIL 

FAB NES WH COT NFBC CRD 

HEADWEAR NOT KNIT OF COTTON 

GELATIN INEDIBLE UN 40CTS LB 

ARTIC NES, BAMBOO, RAT, WIL.CHP 

BAUXITE, CALCINED 

FREE FINE ART ORIGINAL NSPF 

SHRIMPS AND PRAWNS, NES 

DUCK SWPF WH COT N7-1/2 ETC 

BASKETS AND BAGS WILLOW 

LUGGAGE ETC VEG FIBERS NES 

FURN OF UNSPN VEG MATL A PT 

ANTIMONY UNWR WSTE A SCRAP 

PAINTINGS ETC, BY HAND 

SEMI PREC STONES A ARTS, NES 

AL8AC0RE, FRESH OR FROZEN 



13,591,278 

13,195,279 

11,033,009 

9,436,559 

8,063.715 

7,157,252 

6,565,282 

4,245,626 

3,694,747 

3,682,773 

3,660,590 

3,436,033 

3,340,099 

3,042,867 

2,874,177 

2,577,417 

2,556,302 

2,510,061 

2,288,642 

2,243,817 

2,223,227 

2,218,589 

1,984,060 

1,973,496 

1,818,308 

1,746,012 

1,717,696 

1,597,057 

1,564,328 

1,411,787 

1,347,716 

1,245,539 

1,230,980 

1,185,032 

1,149,927 

1,139,430 

1,135,575 

1,042,596 

974,499 

883,463 

860,971 

848,405 

845,330 

812,994 

791,228 

784,319 

774,105 

769, 370 

755,275 

730,505 

713,717 



32 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 '-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



2226400 


89922 


1613500 


07529 


7484000 


89992 


5173100 


27622 


4528040 


55110 


1885025 


59964 


1823500 


04830 


3662160 


65691 


7006045 


85102 


1144590 


03202 


3803925 


84111 


4393040 


29i!40 


3633020 


65691 


4088000 


51200 


3828110 


84112 


3064293 


26230 


1564000 


07220 


3820670 


84143 


3607000 


65750 


5203900 


66730 


7662540 


89606 


1067520 


01189 


1924000 


29240 


3075200 


26270 


6537500 


89712 


1865520 


26251 


3820660 


84143 


4391040 


29240 


38 73000 


65692 


5349400 


66640 


3372050 


65311 


3803937 


84111 


3666000 


65691 


4372000 


54140 


4520400 


55110 


9999500 


93100 


1405500 


05510 


7062340 


83100 


7273500 


82100 


5337300 


66640 


3806130 


84144 


1195000 


02500 


6743504 


71510 


3823352 


84112 


6323440 


51325 


3221056 


65220 


1829880 


09909 


3822400 


84114 


7413000 


66580 


3827875 


84144 


7024060 


65572 



ART NES, UNSP FIB VEG MTL 
GINGER ROOT, UNGROUND 
ORN ART OF FEATHERS NES 
GRAPHITE NATURAL ETC NES 
OTHER ESSENT AND OIST OILS 
GUM ROSIN 

MACARONI ETC CONTG NO EGGS 
C TOW NES TER OV 45CN0VS1.45 
FEMLE FTWR UNLKE U.S., OXFD 
SHELLFISH AND PRODUCTS, NES 
C TROUSERS ETC M TWILL NK NO 
NAT ADV DRUGS, VEGETABLE ORIG 
COT P-CASES N-ORN N COMBED 
VANILLIN 

WGI M-M-F OTH COATS NES NKNO 
CAMEL HAIR SORTED ETC 
COCOA UNSWEET AND COCOA CAKE 
OTH W G I C KN SHIRTS NO NES 
FL COV WOOL ETC PILE OV 40CT 
PREC A SEMIPR STN CT N/S NES 
ANTIQUE FURNITURE 
RABBIT NES, FR F2 0V30CT LB 
LICORICE ROOT 
WOOL OR HAIR ADVANCED NES 
GOLD PLATED HH AND SANI WARE 
HORSF MANE A TAIL HAIR, NES 
OTH W G I COT KT T-SHIRTS NO 
NATURAL CRUDE ORG VEG ORIGIN 
OT ART V-FIB EX C NES NO ORN 
NONBONE CHINA HH ART NES 
FAB WH SILK OVER 1.46 OZ ETC 
B C TROUSERS ETC CORD NK NO 
COT FUR NES VELVET ETC N-0 
NSPF ALKALOIDS A CPOS SYNTH 
ANISE OIL 

UN 251 FORM A INF EST 
VEG, DRIED, DEHYDRTD NES 
HANDBAGS V-F EX C NP ETC NES 
WOOD FURNITURE NSPF 
TABLEWARE NONBON CHINA LOVAL 
M B WL W-AP K 0$5LB CSW NES 
POULTRY EGGS NT CHICKEN WHLE 
ENGINE LATHES, METAL-CUTTING 
G A I SLACKS ETC TWILL NKNO 
MERCURY EX WASTE A SCRAP 
DENIMS WH COT COL NF CRD 
EDIBLE PREP NES NOV 5.5( BFT 
W G I COT PJS Oil. 50 NK NO 
BEADS, BUGLES, SPANGLES NES 
WGI SWEATERS MMF KT N ORN 
H-WEAR OT FIB NOT SEW ETC BL 



708,350 
701,971 
673,497 
668,981 
636,209 
605,093 
603,075 
574,922 
573,185 
571,467 
558,506 
550,873 
536,575 
534,460 
526,065 
511,463 
489,147 
487,162 
476,353 
468,015 
462,730 
459,367 
451,092 
436,014 
433,919 
407,306 
403,353 
401,948 
401,186 
401,131 
400,928 
385,933 
382,086 
375,870 
360,859 
359,000 
346,753 
345,183 
342,390 
341,776 
337,649 
329,811 
326,062 
322,634 
318,278 
317,624 
315,534 
303,824 
292,135 
283,519 
279, 169 



33 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3823356 


84112 


3802782 


84113 


2224200 


89922 


2500420 


25110 


3657835 


65691 


2066700 


63289 


3080420 


26130 


3820605 


84144 


3802759 


84113 


1418160 


05550 


6765200 


71492 


7044025 


84126 


7003575 


85102 


6489740 


69522 


6012100 


28399 


7004540 


85102 


3821560 


84112 


7403800 


89720 


3658650 


65691 


3662460 


65691 


1103575 


03110 


3201092 


65210 


1824500 


09904 


3666300 


65691 


1378540 


05450 


1703220 


12100 


3202038 


65210 


7003540 


85102 


3827264 


84112 


1861550 


29196 


1403000 


05510 


7006035 


85102 


7058520 


89300 


1241015 


21200 


1557000 


06160 


3800990 


84111 


4177000 


51400 


7926000 


89910 


3803935 


84111 


3826345 


84112 


3802779 


84113 


1766400 


42290 


3823326 


84114 


7006060 


85102 


3802789 


84113 


5336500 


66640 


1271000 


29250 


7482100 


8999 3 


3642200 


65770 


7907010 


89995 


5337700 


66640 



G I COT SLACKS ETC CROY NKNO 
MENS C SPORT SHIRT CORD NKNC 
BASKTS A BAGSt RATTN, PLM LF 
FLAX A HEMP FIBERS PAPR MFR 
COTTON NET OR ORN FURN NES 
WO BLINDSt SHUTTERS ETC NES 
TUSSAH SILK IN SKEINS ETC 
OTH W COT KT BLOUSE NOT ORN 
M C DRESS SHIRT NES NK NO 
VEGETABLES, PREP, PRES, NES 
OFFICE MACHINE PARTS NES 
GLOVES NES MCH-WOV COT NORN 
FTWR, LEATHR, FOR MEN, NSPF 
PIPE TOOLS ETC AND PARTS NES 
COLUMBIUM ORE 

L WOM FTWR CEMENT OV $2.50 
W G I C Q~G NO$2.50 NK NO 
JEWELRY NES OVER 20C OOZ 
NET OR ORN FURN MMD FIB NES 
C TOW NES TER 0V45C OV $1.45 
FISH, NES, FROZEN 
FAB NES WH COT NFBC CRO 
SOY SAUCE, THIN 
COT COROUROY FUR NES P-T N 
VEGS FR CHLD OR FRZ NSPF 
CIGARETTE LEAF N STMD BURLEY 
ABC SHEET WH COT NFBC CRD 
L MEN FTWR NES, VULCAN SOLE 
WGI SLK BLOUSES N-0 N-K OTH 
FEATHRS NES MEETING FED STD 
GARLIC, DRIED, OEHYDRATED 
MALE FTWR UNLIKE U.S., OXFD 
PL GLOVES FOURCHETTES ETC 
HARE FURSKINS, WHOLE, RAW 
HONEY 

M B COT COATS NES NK NO N $4 
BARIUM CHLORIDE 
IVORY MANUFACTURES 
B C TROUSERS ETC TWILL NKNO 
WGVI SLACK ETC N K N OV $4 
M B COT WORK SHRTS NES NK NO 
NUT OILS, NSPF 

W G I COT N-WEAR NK NO NES 
FTWR, RUBBER/FABRIC, NES 
M C SPORT SHIRT NES NK NO 
CHINAWARE SPEC SETS $10-$24 
GARDEN SEED NES EX GRASS SD 
ARTIFICAL FLOWERS ETC NES 
OTH WOOL TAP OVER $2 LB NES 
WIGS OF HUMAN HAIR 
TABLEWARE, NONBON CHINA, HI VA 



277,017 
276,596 
274,426 
274,424 
269,754 
265,628 
264,943 
253,579 
248,922 
247,989 
239,953 
238,275 
237,526 
225,398 
224,360 
221,423 
219,636 
218,635 
215,579 
210,590 
209,297 
203,834 
203,680 
199,264 
194,038 
190,665 
185,851 
184,519 
181,671 
180,620 
178,513 
175,918 
174,901 
172,697 
172,225 
171,258 
170,015 
166,824 
164,008 
160,241 
157,987 
157,245 
156,445 
155,353 
154,625 
153,568 
153,556 
147,132 
147,098 
145,921 
145,592 



34 



Appendix E.—U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code— Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



7401020 


89711 


5233700 


66 360 


7044510 


84141 


1450100 


05172 


2221020 


65780 


1472900 


05360 


1601020 


07110 


1905840 


29193 


1115600 


03120 


7061000 


89922 


5336300 


66640 


2045000 


63273 


5348700 


66650 


1417000 


05550 


3661860 


65691 


3823332 


84112 


3658200 


65691 


1865510 


26259 


7066035 


83100 


3825850 


84144 


3676030 


65691 


2070050 


63289 


4554200 


59955 


5337500 


66640 


7062045 


83100 


7250400 


89142 


3821222 


84112 


3203058 


65210 


3201001 


65210 


3823334 


84112 


6540000 


69722 


3823328 


84112 


3823358 


84112 


3802769 


84113 


6745380 


71954 


1563500 


07232 


3808137 


84143 


7723020 


89300 


3068200 


262 30 


3803939 


84111 


3803927 


84111 


7510500 


89941 


4376400 


51200 


1932500 


29291 


7900500 


63272 


6852525 


72499 


3802797 


84113 


7401040 


89714 


3802777 


84113 


5156400 


66130 


3203092 


65210 



JEWELRY ETC PREC METALS 
TALC STEATITE ETC NE S V ARTI 
COT GLVS KNT NO FOURCHETTES 
CHESTNUTS* CRUDE, DRIED, BKD 
RATTAN WEBBING 
ORANGES, MANDARIN, CANNED 
COFFEE, CRUDE 

INTESTINE FOR SAUS CSNG NSPF 
FISH PCKLD NES OV 15LB CONT 
LUGGAGE OR HANDBAGS, BAMBOO 
CHINAWARE SPEC SETS NOV $10 
WD BXES ET LINED TEXTILE 
E/S WARE FG ART NES OV $10 
WATERCHESTNUTS, PREP OR PRES 
C TOW NES TER NOV 45 C N-0 
W G I OTH COT PL-SUIT NKNO 
FURN ORN/NET VEG EX COT NFS 
BOVNE EAR, CIVET, ETC SFT HAIR 
LUGGAGE, MATERIALS NSPF 
W G WL K CSW 0V$5LB N NES 
OTH FUR MMF EXC GLASS N-ORN 
ARTICLES OF WOOD, NSPF 
GELATIN INEDIBLE NOT UN 40CT 
TABLEWARE, NONBON CHINA MED V 
LUG HB A FG W OR PT BRD NES 
VIOLINS, VIOLAS ETC 
WGIOV CC 0$4 3/4 L NKNO 
TWILL NES WH COT NFBC CRD 
DUCK SWSF WH COT N7-1/2 ETC 
WOMEN C-ROY SKIRTS NES NK NO 
BRASS HH A SANI WARES N CTD, 
W G I COT C-ROY PL-SUIT NKNO 
W COT SLACKS ETC V-TEEN NKNO 
B C ORFSS SHIRT NES NK NO 
PARTS OF MACHINE TOOLS NES 
COCOA BUTTER 

M-B SHIRTS NES MMF KT N ORN 
GRMNTS FOR RNWR OR SIM USES 
HAIR ANGORA RABBIT SORT ETC 
B C TROUSERS ETC NES NK NO 
C TROUSERS ETC M CORD NK NC 
UMBRELLAS AND PARASOLS 
MENTHOL 

VEG SUBSTANCE, CRUOE, NSPF 
CLOTHESPINS SPRING 
TRNCVRS MOT VEH CITZN BND 
B SPORT SHIRT FLANN NK NO 
JEWELRY ETC PREC STONES 
MB WORK SHIRTS Y-D NES NK NO 
STONE AND ARTICLES NES, DECOR 
FAB NES WH COT NFBC CRD 



141,715 

141,112 

139,668 

139,467 

135,535 

134,633 

132,725 

131,262 

130,152 

128,452 

127,927 

127,554 

126,929 

125,608 

123,698 

123,584 

123,489 

119,975 

117,693 

117, 199 

116,578 

114,837 

113,424 

111,550 

110,736 

110,679 

110,546 

107,844 

107,032 

106,432 

105,656 

105,019 

104,862 

104,290 

103,862 

102,619 

101,346 

100,651 

100,346 

96,967 

96 , 43 3 

95,816 

95,078 

93,135 

91,966 

91,796 

91,778 

90,392 

88,531 

87,984 

87,276 



35 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



7062370 
3802400 
1129400 
3726520 
4400000 
4521600 
3202034 
2069800 
7046500 
7007065 
1610100 
7902500 
3826335 
3803929 
3820470 
3828106 
3201094 
3372020 
3264092 
4078540 
9231300 
3823350 
3802755 
7006055 
1571020 
1611700 
3614400 
7373000 
1825200 
7990000 
2220500 
38 23362 
3821860 
1670520 
4661500 
6721540 
3190100 
1474000 
2205000 
1144530 
6852410 
1455200 
4932200 
3211076 
6743258 
792 5000 
3806140 
1821500 
3823387 
3662480 
3827204 



83100 
84113 
03201 
84122 
54170 
55110 
65210 
63272 
84141 
85100 
07525 
89996 
84112 
84111 
84112 
84112 
65210 
65311 
65210 
51200 
66640 
84112 
84113 
85102 
06201 
07522 
65760 
84112 
09905 
93100 
29 2 30 
84112 
84112 
11230 
55410 
71730 
65220 
05201 
63300 
03130 
72420 
05172 
51200 
65220 
71510 
89910 
84144 
05550 
84112 
65691 
84112 



OTH LUG A F-G 
MOB COT PJS 
OTHER FISH IN 
SILK MUFF ETC 



N-TUF ETC NES 
OV $18 02 ETC 
OIL CANNED 
HEM N K NO NES 
PILLS ETC 



DRUGS IN CAPSULES 

CINNAMON OIL 

PT CLOTH NES WH COT N8FC 

HHLD UTNSL, WD EX MAHOG NES 

GLVS WOOL OV 4D0L DPR ETC 

FTWR VEG FIBER UPPRS, WOMEN 

ANISE 

HAND FANS 

WGVI W SKIRTS N K N OV $4 

C TROUSERS ETC M NES NK NO 

W G I M-M ROBES ETC ORN NK 

W G I M-M-F R COAT 3/4 NK NO 

FAB NES WH COT NFBC CMB 

FAB WH SILK TWILL-WOV NJ ETC 

FAB NES C COT C NO FC OR BL 

SULFATHIAZOLE 

NONBONE CHINA NOT SETS 

W SLACKS ETC TWILL NES NK NO 

MENS C DRESS SHRT GING NK NO 

FTWR, NES, UNLIKE U.S.-OXFD 

CONFECTIONERY N CON CHOC NES 

CINNAMON AND CHIPS UNGROUND 

WOOL F C NSPF WOV ETC 0V30C 

STUFFED ANIMALS OV SPEC VAL 

SOUPS AND SOUP PREP, NES 

NONENUMERATEO PRODUCTS NES 

BAMBOO/RAT STICKS ROUGH/CUT 

W SLACK ETC OT COT FAB NKNO 

W G I C D-G 0S2.50 NK NO 

ALE, BEER ETC, NOV 1 GAL CONT 

TOILET SOAP OV 20CENTS POUNO 

SEWING MACH OVER 10 DOL NES 

HD LM FAB WH COT 14 UNDER 

DATES,FR,DRD,PITS NOV 10 LBS 

CORK MANUFACTURES NSPF 

LOBSTERS NSPF 

RADIO RCVRS W CLK SS EX AM 

PIGNOLIA NUTS, SHELLED, ETC 

SYNTHETIC CAMPHOR 

NAP FAB NES WH COT BNFC CRD 

VER BOR MH A TU LA, EX NM CN 

ARTICLES OF SHELL NSPF 

M B WL W-AP SW EX CASHM 0$5 

BEAN CAKE A STICK, MISO, ETC 

W-G-I COT W-APPAR N KT N 

C TOW NES P OV 45C NOV $1.45 

WGI SILK BLSES NO NK COT RS 



87, 174 
86,781 
85,730 
85,474 
84,960 
84,799 
83,409 
83,297 
83,091 
82,405 
81,915 
80,753 
80,646 
79,732 
79,651 
79,320 
79,063 
79,014 
78,759 
78,539 
77,222 
76,997 
76,970 
76,331 
75,093 
74,582 
74,345 
73,730 
73,676 
73,576 
72,659 
72,646 
71,670 
70,154 
70,127 
70,061 
68,827 
67,982 
67,198 
66,597 
66,468 
66,225 
65,125 
64,640 
64,381 
64,285 
64,282 
64,122 
63,373 
63,087 
62,124 



36 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 '-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3251018 
3635040 
7911900 
7343200 
3701640 
3726020 
3800640 
1123600 
1496000 
4373200 
5333100 
3896020 
38200 56 
5465400 
3630120 
3808420 
3800070 
3823364 
1865000 
3820472 
1111800 
3860810 
4395060 
2070020 
1456000 
7004340 
6540540 
4036000 
1454000 
6743254 
3825445 
3802765 
4395080 
4253600 
3823313 
3371000 
7260500 
7021400 
3081200 
5337100 
7273025 
1557500 
3607900 
3660600 
1618000 
4523600 
7379550 
3820680 
1911540 
7004350 
1616300 



65220 
65691 
84201 
89424 
84121 
84122 
84143 
03201 
05360 
54130 
66650 
65692 
84112 
66580 
65691 
84111 
84111 
84112 
29191 
84114 
03120 
65692 
54160 
63273 
05390 
85102 
69722 
51200 
05172 
71510 
84144 
84113 
54100 
51200 
84112 
65311 
83100 
84153 
26120 
66640 
82100 
06202 
65750 
65691 
07510 
55110 
89423 
84144 
29112 
85102 
07524 



Gl WH COT F F C W N BL CRD 
OT COT B-SPRD N J HAND B-PT 
ARTICLES NES FUR EX FOX 
TABLE TENNIS BALLS 
C LACE HDKF C HDKF 
SILK MUFFLER ETC N 
M B COT KT T-SHIRT 
FISH NES NO OIL 
FRUITS NES PREP 



ORN NES 

K H OV $5 
NES N ORN 

A1RTITE CONT 

OR PRES 



ANTIBIOTICS NSPF 
EARTHENWARE STEINS MUGS, ETC 
ART M-M FIB NSPF N KT N ORN 
W G I OT CTS COT NK ORN 
GLSWR NES OV .30 NOV $1 EA 
COTTON PILLOWCASES ORN ETC 
M B COAT NES M-M-F N K N 
M-B ORN COT SLACKS N KNIT 
G A I SLKS ETC OT C FAB NKNO 
HUMAN HAIR TREATED N MFD NES 
W G 1 M-M PJS ETC ORN NK 
FISH NES DRIED, UNSALTEO 
LACE ART OT ART NSPF V-F EXC 
COMPOUNDS OF VEGETABLE ORIGN 
WOOD CARVINGS, NSPF 
NUTS, PICKLED, PREPARED NSPF 
L WOM FTWR CEMENT NOV $2,50 
COPPER HH AND SANl WARES NES 
OTHER CYCLIC ORG CHEM PRODS 
ALMONOS, SHELLED 
MILLING MH,BED TYP,EX NM CN 
WGI W-A OTH WL KNO NOV *5LB 
B COT DRESS SHIRT GING NO NK 
DRUGS AND COMPOUNDS NES 
THIOUREA,DIOXIDE,ETC 
WGI COT COATS ETC NKT NORN 
SLK WOV FAB NO BL ETC NO JAC 
CASES FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMNTS 
H-WEAR NK FLX BTH C-A-FLX 
SILK WASTE EX NOILS OV 2 IN 
STEINS/MUGS NONBONE CHINA 
FOLDNG DIRECTORS WOOD CHRS 
SUGARS SIRUPS ETC BLENDS 
HANDHOOKED F L OT F NES ETC 
COT CURTAINS AND DRAPES CORD 
PEPPR, ANAHEIM ETC UNGROUND 
LEMON GRASS OIL 
TOYS NSPF 

OTH W G I COT KT SWEATERS NO 
ANIMAL SUBSTANCES CRUDE NSPF 
L CHILD FTWR CEMT NOV $2,50 
NUTMEGS, UNGROUND 



62,101 
61,881 
61,643 
60,849 
60,315 
60,087 
59,957 
58,975 
58,341 
58,170 
57,968 
57,137 
56,789 
56,197 
55, 187 
54,582 
54,517 
54,394 
53,765 
53,444 
53,434 
52,943 
52,892 
52,750 
52,655 
52,548 
52,450 
52,199 
51,881 
51,864 
51,668 
51,246 
50,945 
50,842 
50,795 
50,700 
50,679 
50,472 
50,462 
50,148 
49,956 
49,595 
48,727 
47,861 
47,841 
47,572 
47,48 3 
47,420 
47,174 
46,952 
46,542 



37 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3635160 


65691 


7061200 


89922 


3823354 


84112 


1824600 


09904 


6854016 


89111 


3827859 


84143 


6500300 


69605 


1492800 


05360 


6573540 


69992 


3800423 


84144 


3662780 


65691 


3825870 


84144 


1621500 


07529 


3201044 


65210 


9231500 


66640 


3085100 


65110 


1453000 


05172 


3066300 


26230 


4375800 


54150 


32 020 30 


65210 


3201036 


65210 


3803922 


84111 


3662740 


65691 


6403000 


69220 


7273040 


82100 


3805900 


84144 


6660055 


71220 


3650020 


65691 


7058560 


89300 


1821100 


09909 


3806320 


84111 


7003515 


85102 


3807535 


84111 


4391060 


54100 


6462640 


69411 


7506500 


89924 


1765000 


42290 


5423120 


66430 


6572015 


69890 


1905000 


29194 


3800980 


84111 


1474200 


05201 


3262092 


65210 


3803932 


84111 


7053550 


84130 


1683320 


11240 


4258600 


51200 


3820460 


84112 


1824800 


29299 


6493710 


69523 


2044000 


63273 



COT QUILTS ETC N J N-HD B-PT 
LUGGAGE ETCt RATTAN ETC. 
W COT SLACKS ETC C-ROY NKNO 
SAUCES EXCEPT THIN SOY 
CASSETTES. AUDIO, EXCPT AC 
OTH WGI SHIRTS MMF KT N ORN 
CLEAVERS WITH THEIR HANDLES 
PRUNES PLUMS PREPARED NES 
CU ART,N CTO/PLT W PRME,NSPF 
M-B ORN SWEATER KNIT M-M-F 
COT TOWEL NES N ORN N J-FIG 
W G W K SWEAT NES N OV $5 
MIXEO SPICES SPCE SEEDS NSPF 
SHEET NES WH COT NF BC CRD 
NONBONE CHINA NOT SETS 
SILK YRN ETC PLD EX NC ETC 
NUTS, EDBLE, NES, NT SHELLED 
HAIR CASHMERE GOAT SCOURED 
HORMONES NATURAL NOT ART MIX 
PC SHRT 80-80 WH COT NFBC 
OSNA SHEET WH COT NFBC CRD 
C TROUSERS ETC M Y-D NK NO 
COT SHOP TOW NES N ORN N J-F 
ORUMS FLASKS ETC NES 
WOOD CHAIRS NSPF 
M B WL W-AP K Otl8LB WHC SW 
PARTS OF AGRIC MACHY NES 
COT HMD LC FUR NO $50LB NES 
RUB PL GLOVES SEAL SEAMS 
PASTES, HASH, ETC, VEG, NES 
M B WL W-AP NK N$4 SEP STS 
L ATHL FOOTWEAR, NES, MALE 
M-B SILK W-APP NKNO OTHER 
NATURAL CRUDE DRUGS NES 
BRD NES OV I B.065 IN RD WR 
PAINT BRUSHES NES EXCLUD ART 
SESAME OIL, EDIBLE 
ORD GLS 16-18.5 O/SF N0V40UI 
I OR S ARTS EX WRE N PT NES 
FISH SOUNDS 

M B CORD COATS NES NONK N $4 
DATES, FR,DRD, PITS, OV 10 LBS 
FAB NES C COT C NO FC OR B 
B C TROUSERS ETC Y DYED NKNO 
GLVS PT COWHIDE ETC NO FORC 
CORDIALS LIOURS ETC NOV 1GAL 
OXALIC ACID 

W G I M-M BLOUSE ORN ETC NK 
SEAWEEDS ETC PREP HUMAN CONS 
VISES EX PT, ACS MACH TOOLS 
WD BXES,ET,NES,N/LIN TEXTILE 



45,975 
45,712 
45,643 
45,357 
44,88 3 
44,865 
44,762 
44,734 
44,581 
44,550 
44,548 
44,495 
44,414 
43,802 
43,487 
43,441 
43,259 
43,222 
43,186 
42,813 
42,756 
42,650 
42,604 
42,438 
42,422 
42,262 
42,044 
42,033 
41,975 
41,790 
41,787 
41,463 
41,083 
40,954 
40,643 
40,305 
40,299 
39,979 
39,704 
39,598 
39,591 
39,326 
39,311 
38,992 
38,785 
38,305 
38,220 
38,025 
38,014 
37,710 
37,338 



38 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3662180 


65691 


3808445 


84113 


6532260 


89605 


2225000 


65780 


5465200 


66580 


7723040 


89300 


7044055 


84126 


7378500 


89423 


1442060 


05550 


2527900 


64150 


3637500 


82100 


3221058 


65220 


7004510 


85102 


3823310 


84112 


3828116 


84112 


7273030 


82100 


6323420 


51325 


7022000 


84152 


7503200 


89923 


1313500 


04600 


5465900 


66580 


6462620 


69411 


1451600 


05171 


425300C 


51200 


5172400 


27622 


4393060 


54100 


3659110 


65691 


1102045 


03110 


6845005 


72505 


6743230 


71510 


33 720 30 


65311 


1685200 


11240 


7265000 


89190 


5336600 


66640 


3661820 


65691 


7007020 


85100 


3828118 


84114 


1107060 


03110 


3610700 


65760 


4081500 


51200 


3820464 


84112 


7060820 


83100 


1454850 


22110 


6 5362 00 


89712 


7006005 


85102 


1612500 


07525 


3701200 


84121 


1612700 


07525 


3702100 


84121 


6785052 


89111 


1407500 


05510 



COT TOW P NES 0V45C NO $1.45 
M B SPORT SHIRT M-M-F N K NO 
METAL COINS NES 
BLINDS, SHUTTERS, CURTNS, ETC 



GLSWRE NES NOT OVER 

APPAREL NSPF RUBBER 

GLV W OT VF NO P-EX 

KITES 

MUSHROOMS, NES PREP 



$•30 EA 
A PLAST 
COT RES 



OV 



9 OZ 

PAPER, NSPF, 0V9 NOV18 LB/RM 
OTH WOOL BEDDING NOT ORN NES 
OTH TWILL WC COL NF CRD NES 
L CASL WOMEN FTWR, OV $2.50 
W OTH COT BLOUSES NOT ORN NK 
WGI M-M-F D-GOWNS ETC NK NO 
OTH FOLDNG WOOD CHRS 
MERCURY, WASTE AND SCRAP 
CAPS V-F EX P-YN COT OR FLAX 
BROOMS ETC VEG MATLS NSPF 
RICE MEAL ANO FLOUR, EDIBLE 
GLSWRE NSPF,0V$3 EXC CUT ENG 
BRD SM SH OV I BY. 065 RD WR 
CASHEW NUTS NOT SHELLED 
MONSODIUM GLUTAMATE 
GRAPH, NA CRYST FLAKE OV 5.5C 
NATURAL DRUGS NES ADVANCED 
FURN ORN OR NET SILK NES 
SALMON, FRESH OR CHILLED 
ELECTRIC HAIR DRYERS 
DRILLING MCH,RAD,EX NUM CON 
FAB WH SILK SATIN-WOV NJ ETC 
SPIRITS NSPF, FOR BEVERAGES 
BOWS ETC VIOLIN VIOLA ETC 
CHINAWARE SETS 0V$24 N0V$56 
COT D-TOW TERRY NOV 45 C N-0 
SHOES NES V FIB UPPR MEN BOY 
WGVI M-M F PJS A N NL NK NO 
FISH FILLETED NES FRSH, FRZ 
F C CORD ETC 50% WOOL NO 
DIPHENYL OXIDE 

W G I COATS NES M-M-F ORN NK 
HANDBAGS LEATHER NOT REPTILE 
PEANUTS NT SHELLED QUOTA 
HOUSEHOLD WARES NES OF SILVR 
U.S. TYPE FTWR, OXFRD, MALE 
CORIANDER 

LACE HDKF V-FIB EX COT ETC 
CUMMIN 

M-M FIB HDKFS LACE OTH ETC 
COMB TPE PLYRS EX CRT F CAR 
VEG REDUCED TO FLOUR, NSPF 



37,074 
37,024 
36,840 
36,435 
36,356 
36,249 
36,234 
35,570 
35,500 
35,410 
35,358 
35,342 
35,006 
34,676 
34,574 
34,571 
34,000 
33,812 
33,550 
33,501 
33,388 
32,593 
32,377 
32,307 
32,254 
32, 192 
32, 165 
31,914 
31,025 
30,893 
30,616 
30,611 
30,532 
30,440 
30,255 
30,234 
30,180 
29,953 
29,824 
29,76 2 
29,394 
29,239 
29,116 
28,963 
28,638 
28,579 
28,462 
28,458 
28,425 
28,000 
27,983 



39 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3641300 65220 COT TAPESTRIES JAC-F IG PILE 

1144040 03130 OYSTERS, FXC SEEO, EXC CANND 

7662520 89606 ANTIQUE SILVERWARE 

3800960 84111 M B COT-S-T-COATS NESNKN0N$4 

1461200 05209 APPLES, DRIED 

3820427 84L44 INFANTS KT SWEATERS MMF ORN 

5336800 66640 CHINAWARE SETS OVER $56 SET 

3825860 84144 W G S-L-H SWEAT KT NO GV $5 

7917500 84130 LFA WEAR APPAREL NES OTHER 

3821220 84112 W G I CCC 0$4 3/4L NKNO 

7746020 89993 ART PLASTIC FLOWERS ETC NES 

7003580 85102 FTWR, LEA, NES YOUTH BOYS 

3701740 84121 L HDK V-F EX C NES ETC 

3820645 84144 OTH W G I COT D-GOWN K N 

2702580 89211 BOOKS NSPF INCL FORGN AUTH 

4077220 51200 SULFAMETHAZINE 

3805730 84144 M B W W-AP KT NO N0V$5 CASHM 

5156100 66130 STONE A ARTICLES NES N DECOR 

7038000 89921 NONELAST BRAID ETC N BL ETC 

3372010 65311 F WH SILK OV 50* DOUPS N-J 

7321800 73311 BICYCLES 0V25 U36 0VS16.66 

7005847 85101 VINYL FOOTWR NES, FOR WOMEN 

3820581 84112 WG I W-A OTH FIB NK ORN ETC 

2225500 65780 FLR COVER CHIN A, ETC, STRAW 

3825440 84144 WL K SW NES W G N NOV 45 

1242000 61300 PLATES MATS ETC NOT OYED 

6682050 71829 PRINTING MACHINERY NES 

1120100 03201 ANCHOVIES, CNT NOV 15L8-CND 

6539740 69721 I/S HH WARES ENAMEL NES 

7053530 84130 GLOVES HORSE OR COWHIDE NES 

1752100 22180 HEMPSEED 

3827873 84144 WG SWEATERS KT MMF N ORN 

7004560 85102 LEA WOM FTWR NSPF OV $2.50 

7031000 84153 HFADWR M-M FIB N-BRAID KNIT 

3803984 84111 M-B COT WEAR-APP NES NK NO 

5335100 66640 HOTEL WARE CHINA SUBPORCEL 

1241057 21200 WHOLE FURSKINS, NES, RAW 

3820429 84144 WGI KT SWEATERS MMF ORN ETC 

5203800 66730 EMERALDS, CUT, N/SET, F JEW 

7003527 85102 LEATHER WORK FTWR, NES, MEN 

7410600 66710 CULTURED PEARLS AND PARTS 

6502140 69607 KITCH KNIVES WITH HANDLE NES 

6562500 89712 ARTS OF BASE MTL CTD W GOLD 

3158000 65561 CORD JUTE NO BL ETC UN 720YD 

6513700 69523 SCREWDRIVERS 

7062270 83100 COT LUG A F-G N-TUF ETC NES 

7252420 89183 CLARINETS 

3159000 65561 CORD JUTE BL ETC UN 720 YD 

7410500 66710 NATURAL PEARLS AND PARTS 

3800650 84143 M B COT KT SHIRTS NES N ORN 

7003200 85102 LEATHER SLIPPERS 



27,749 
27,688 
27,656 
27,387 
27,377 
27,170 
27,148 
27,008 
26,980 
26,852 
26,726 
26,655 
26,485 
26,473 
26,470 
26,400 
26,303 
25,884 
25,845 
25,740 
25,199 
24,968 
24,919 
24,742 
24,685 
24,613 
24,301 
24,047 
24,005 
23,809 
23,773 
23,561 
23,547 
23,520 
23,219 
2 3., 00 4 
23,000 
22,966 
22,831 
22,549 
22,419 
22,342 
22,248 
22,206 
22,003 
21,916 
21,897 
21,772 
21,533 
21,353 
21,347 



40 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



1401100 


05420 


3607800 


65750 


5148100 


66130 


6743534 


71510 


7746040 


89300 


1461400 


05360 


7504500 


89924 


3802752 


84113 


4153500 


51324 


3827888 


84144 


3823370 


84114 


5423170 


66430 


2026600 


63187 


8511000 


86300 


2024400 


24331 


6322400 


68950 


7372500 


89423 


7251400 


89182 


7350500 


84130 


5465600 


66580 


4395040 


54160 


1754500 


22180 


7907030 


89995 


3806650 


84111 


1418140 


05550 


3805750 


84144 


5171100 


59990 


3800635 


84143 


3865000 


65692 


7053560 


84130 


7916000 


84130 


3641800 


65770 


1474800 


05360 


2708500 


89299 


5348400 


66650 


3668400 


65691 


473 7600 


51351 


1474600 


05201 


1822000 


04840 


6847027 


72492 


1455500 


05172 


1441200 


05510 


7004360 


85102 


6881000 


72310 


7903700 


55300 


3820423 


84143 


7022800 


84152 


4251035 


51200 


5333800 


66650 


7031500 


84153 


3820924 


84112 



DRIED BEANS, NSPF 
HANDHOOKED F C M-M-F NES ETC 
MARBLE BRECCIA ONYX ART NES 
GRINDING MCH, CYLINDRCL, INT 
RUBBER OR PLASTIC MFR NSPF 
APPLES, PREP OR PRESERVE NES 
TLT BRUSH VAL NOV 40 CT EACH 
M C DRESS SHIRT P-B NKNO 
PHOSPHORUS 

WGI TROUSER ETC M-M-F K NO 
INFANTS COT SHIRTS NES NKN-0 
ORO GLS 20-28 OZ/SF NOV 401 
WOOO MOLDINGS ETC DECORATING 
PHOTO FILM ETC FOR PUB INST 
HAROWOOD ROUGH LUMBER, NES 
GALLIUM UNW A WST A SCR 
STUF ANM OB SPEC VAL NO MECH 
PIANO ACCORDIONS 
BOXING A OTH SPORT GLOV NSPF 
GLASSWARE, NSPF OV $1 N/0 $3 
COMPOUNDS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN 
SESAME SEED 

TOUPEES ETC EXCEPT WIGS 
M B WOOL SUITS NO NK OVER $4 
ASPARAGUS, PREP OR PRES 
MB WOOL SWEAT NES KT NO N $5 
GRAPHITE, ART, CRUDE A REFIND 
M B COT KT A-W-T SHRT N ORN 
OT COT ART NSPF NKNPNL NO 
GLVS PT COWHIDE ETC FORCHET 
LEATHER BELTS W/WO BUCKLES 
TAPESTRIES NOT JAC V-F EX C 
DATES, PREP OR PRESERVED, NES 
PRTD CATLGS FOREIGN MDSE ETC 
E/S WARE FG ART NES, $3-$10 
OTH FURN VEG-FIB EX C NES NO 
ZINC OXIDE DRY NO LEAD 
DATES, FR,DRD, NO PITS OVIOLBS 
BAKERY PRODUCTS 
LOUDSPEAKERS, OTHER 
WALNUTS, SHELLED, NOT PICKLD 
MUSHROOMS, DRIED 
LEA WOM FTWR NSPF NOV $2.50 
XMAS TREE LIGTING SETS 
INCENSE, NSPF 

WGI PJS ETC MANMADE FIB ORN 
S H-WEAR ETC NO $15 DZ 
TRIAZINE RING COMPOUNDS NES 
ERTHN NES CUPS OV $1.70 ETC 
HEAOWR M-M FIB N-BRAID N-KT 
W G I C C NES N0$4 3/4L NKNO 



21,242 
21,214 
21,191 
21,129 
20,875 
20,868 
20,866 
20,817 
20,718 
20,366 
20,237 
20,176 
20,066 
20,000 
19,760 
19,633 
19,592 
19,566 
19,323 
19,278 
19,227 
19,227 
19,203 
19,182 
19,080 
18,927 
18,663 
18,662 
18,647 
18,633 
18,588 
18,586 
18,566 
18,465 
18,409 
18,396 
18,388 
18,386 
18,198 
18,100 
18,035 
17,949 
17,904 
17,860 
17,845 
17,844 
17,843 
17,800 
17,779 
17,704 
17,660 



41 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



7062240 


83100 


3641620 


65770 


7372020 


89422 


4202800 


51400 


6324000 


51324 


2548000 


64190 


2 564800 


64210 


1401600 


05420 


1865550 


26259 


3827282 


84112 


5349700 


66660 


3222072 


65220 


1401400 


05420 


3821224 


84112 


3664730 


65691 


1442050 




7003555 


85102 


3204028 


65210 


3806150 


84144 


3822730 


84114 


7023500 


65572 


7023760 


65572 


3825425 


84144 


4227600 


51400 


3632566 


65691 


1101025 


03110 


7200220 


8642 5 


1325500 


59951 


3480575 


65403 


7275500 


82100 


3828108 


84112 


7400500 


89711 


3673030 


65691 


3826045 


84112 


1410500 


05550 


7062450 


83100 


6536500 


89712 


15230 00 


05360 


1144525 


03130 


7061100 


89922 


1823600 


C4830 


3615425 


65760 


4230094 


51400 


1613300 


07525 


7024700 


84152 


1865540 


26259 


7411500 


66730 


1323540 


05545 


3614800 


65760 


5348100 


66650 


3374000 


65311 



COT HANDBAGS NO 
COTTON TAPESTRI 
DOLLS, DRESSED 
POTASSIUM PERMA 
SELENIUM UNW AN 
PPR, N/LTH PRT 
PPR BOXES, PPR 
DRY BEANS NES 9 
HAIR AND FUR CR 
WGI OTH SLK W-A 
CERAMIC HH ART 
NAP-FAB NES Y-D 
MUNG BEANS. 9/1 
W G I COT COAT 
COT T-C NAP NES 



PILE ETC NES 
ES NOT JAC-F 
R UNDRESSED 
NGANATE 
D WST A SCRAP 
IMP CTD N/GM 
COV LINED 
/1-4/30 INCL 
UDE NSPF 

N-0 N-K OTH 
NES 

WC C NF CRD 
-4/30. INCL 
0$4 N-0 NK 

N-H-B-P NES 



LEA FTWR, NES, BOYS, CEMENT 

PB CLOTH WH COT NFBC CMB 

MB WOOL SWEAT NES KT NO $5 

WGI COT VEST NK NO N0$2 OTH 

PM PAN HWR N SW ETC N0V$3 

TOOUIL H-WEAR NO SEW ETC NB 

W AND G SKRTS WL K N N0VJ5 

ZINC SULFATE 

L N BEDD A OTH BEDD MMF 

YELLOWFIN, EVIS NOT BEHEADED 

CLK MT U1.77IN N0V47HREL0-1J 

STARCHES, NSPF 

BRD CORD NES MM 3/16 A OV 

FURNITURE NES A PTS 

WGI M-M-F 3/4 COAT NK NO 

JEWEL A PTS SIL NOV $18 DOZ 

OTH WOOL FURNISH NES NOT ORN 

WGVI W SLACK ETC NK NO N0VS4 

SOYBEANS ETC PREP OR PRES 

HANDBAGS TEX M EX C OTH NES 

WARES ART ET OF PREC MET NES 

ORNGE PEEL, PREP OR PRES NES 

ROCK LOBSTER TAILS NOT CANND 

LUGGAGE OR HANDBAGS, WILLOW 

MACARONI ETC CONTG EGGS 

F C NSPF TEX MAT NES WOV ETC 

INORGANIC COMPOUNDS NES 

FENNEL 

H-WEAR ETC V-F ETC OV $3 DZ 

GOAT AND KID HAIR EXC BEARD 

CORAL, CAMEOS CUT NOT SET 

ARROWRT A SAGO FLOUR A STRCH 

FL COV NSPF WOOL NES OV 40 

E/S WARE. FG. ART, NES.NOV $3 

FAB WH SILK JAC-F DEGUM ETC 



17,659 
17,547 
17,172 
17,096 
17,086 
16.969 
16,941 
16,861 
16,849 
16,834 
16,671 
16,594 
16,534 
16,444 
16,420 
16.288 
16,275 
16,097 
16,095 
16,090 
16,042 
16,020 
15,977 
15,942 
15,883 
15,781 
15,572 
15,392 
15,367 
15,215 
15,160 
15,125 
14,943 
14,891 
14,774 
14,750 
14,738 
14,719 
14,690 
14,679 
14,633 
14,549 
14,540 
14,444 
14,415 
14,264 
14,210 
14,159 
14,132 
14,123 
14,096 



42 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) "/ '-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3860400 65692 COT LACE NET ART NSPF ETC 

7347040 89442 SOCCER ANO POLO BALLS 

3366052 65321 OTH WL W-F 08T10 $4 T $6 

1145500 03202 OYSTER JUICE IN AIRTIGHT CON 

3662720 65691 COT TOWEL NES N ORN J-FIG 

7060860 83100 UNFITTED LEA CASES NOT REPTL 

3860830 65692 L-O-N A OTH A ORN SILK NSPF 

3636540 65661 WOOL BLANKET NO ORN NOV 3 YD 

1545500 05320 FRUIT, CANDIED ETC NES 

7456500 69853 SNAP FASNRS NO SEW-ON NO 20C 

7651500 89603 SCULPTURES OR STATUARY ORIG 

1825800 C9907 VINEGAR OTHER THAN MALT 

7005837 85101 VINYL FOOTWEAR NES, FOR MEN 

7251800 89182 MOUTH ORGANS 

4526800 55110 VETIVERT OIL 

3068100 26230 HAIR ANGORA RABBIT N S ETC 

3655010 65691 LCE FUR MACH-MADE NES COT 

1002540 94100 BIRDS LV NSPF NOT OVER 5 DOL 

3700800 84121 COT LACE HDK ETC OVER $1.50 

2702540 89211 BOOKS IN LANG EXC ENGLISH 

1454880 22110 PEANUTS SHELLED ETC QUOTA 

3828112 84112 WOM M-M-F DRESSES ETC NK NO 

4733000 51353 IRON OXIDE A HYDROXIDE SYNTH 

3372040 65311 FAB WH SILK NOV 1.46 OZ ETC 

7042000 84141 WOOL GLOVES EMBROIDERED 

4936810 51200 MANNITOL 

1262100 29250 CELERY SEEDS 

7002738 85102 L WL T MEN FTWR NES, $5-6.80 

6529200 69110 DOOR WINDOW FRAMES I/S NES 

7415000 66580 ART NES OF BEADS BUGLES ETC 

4395020 51200 CHEMICALLY DEFINED COMPOUNDS 

4257400 51200 CITRIC ACID 

6539570 69721 1/S HOUSEHOLD WARES NES 

3800566 84111 OTH M-B ORN WEAR-APP NTKNIT 

1371000 05450 PEPPERS, FRSH, CHLD, OR FROZ 

1552040 06120 CANE BT SGR OV 96 NOV 97 D 

6464920 69421 LAG SCREWS OR BOLTS OF I/S 

3820486 84112 W G I OT M-M W-APP NK ORN 

1474400 05201 DATES, FR ,DRD, NO PITS N0V10LB 

3826964 84144 WGI OTH BLOUSES SLK KT NORN 

3893000 65692 OT SILK ART NSPF NO ORN ETC 

1144572 03202 SHRIMP, BREADED, NOT CANNED 

3800461 84113 M-B ORN SPT SHT M-M-F N KNIT 

7044525 84141 GLOVES MCH-KNT COT NES NORN 

3803620 84111 M-B OT COT VST 0V$2EA NKNO 

3860840 65692 L-O-N A OTH A ORN M-M-F NSPF 

7023720 65572 PALM H-WEAR NO SEW ETC OV $3 

6743560 71510 MECH PRESS, OPEN BACK INCLIN 

1417540 05550 VEG NSPF IN SALT, BRINE ETC 

1546000 05320 CANDIEO, GLACE VEG SUBS NES 

1143600 03202 OYST, N SMKD, PREP, PRES,CND 



14,042 
14,014 
14,002 
13,959 
13,952 
13,882 
13,592 
13,456 
13,424 
13,300 
13,250 
13,228 
12,986 
12,983 
12,932 
12,927 
12,579 
12,500 
12,477 
12,412 
12,392 
12,311 
12,193 
12,089 
12,062 
11,987 
11,870 
11,809 
11,764 
11,706 
11,550 
11,489 
11,488 
11,482 
11,377 
11,290 
11,274 
11,162 
11,148 
11,144 
11,042 
11,030 
10,872 
10,817 
10,739 
10,625 
10,570 
10,529 
10,500 
10,500 
10,439 



43 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 1 '-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



1111500 03120 SHARK FINS DRIED NOT CND 

3823342 84112 WOMENS OTH COT SKIRTS NONK 

6876025 72930 TRANSISTOR-LESS THAN 1 WATT 

7008330 85100 FTWR OF WOOD, FOR WOMEN 

1101575 03110 FRSH WTR FISH NES FR OR FRZ 

3641610 65770 TAP V-F NT JACQ NES H-L F-L 

5236100 66370 PUMICE ARTICLES, NES 

7374000 89423 TOY FIG IMMOV AN OBJ N STUF 

3820430 84144 WG KT SWEATERS MMF ORN ETC 

1521400 05360 ORANGE PEEL CRUDE, DRIED ETC 

2565600 64230 BOUND BLANK BOOKS DIARES ETC 

7024020 65572 PAPER H-WEAR NOT SEW ETC BL 

1413000 05550 CABBAGE PREP ,PRES,EXC SAUKRT 

1488600 05360 PEARS, PREP OR PRES NES 

7002020 85102 LEA SHOES TURNED MEN A BOYS 

7345110 89442 BADMINTON SETS 

3800455 84113 M-B ORN DRS SHT M-M-F N KNIT 

3800064 84113 M-B ORN COT WK SHfRTS N KNIT 

6561500 89712 ARTICLES OF SIL INC RLD SILV 

3636025 65691 COT QUILT COVER NES NOT ORN 

1617100 07510 PAPRIKA, GROUND OR UNGROUND 

7742000 89910 ARTICLES OF SHELLAC CR COPAL 

6514720 69523 I/S KITCH ET IMPL OF HND TLS 

7503500 89926 FEATHER DUSTERS 

3657510 65691 LACE NET FUR ETC HNDJOIN COT 

5205100 66730 PREC STONES A ART 

5341100 66660 CERAM STAT ETC 0V$2.50 PROF 

3820920 84112 W G I C C C N0$4 3/4L NKNO 

3463525 65220 C VEL WOV U48IN U80Z N COMB 

3650010 65691 COT LACE FUR NO $50 LB H-L 

6743552 71510 METAL-CUTTING MCH TOOLS, NES 

7084520 86122 SUNGLASSES OVER $2.50 DOZ 

3003000 26320 COTTON LINTERS 

7911500 84201 FUR WEAR APPRL NES 

3675500 65691 M-M-F FUR P OR T NOT ORN NES 

7006025 85102 U.S. TYPE FTWR, NES, OXFORD 

5333600 66650 EPTHN NES CUPS $1-1.70 ETC 

7376500 89425 MAGIC TRICKS A PRAC JOKE ART 

3076403 65120 H-KNITTING FNCY YRN WOOL ETC 

1258000 29269 LIVE PLANTS FOR PLANTING NES 

6292800 68941 TUNGSTEN NO ALLOY LU GR POWD 

5331600 66650 EARTHWARE FN/GRN OV $1.50 DZ 

6743238 71510 M1LLNG MH.PR A DUP,EX NM CN 

5461100 66580 GL SWARE 0V24S LEAD NOV $1 EA 

2569000 64299 ARTICLES OF PAPER PPRBRD NES 

3808425 84111 M B ORES-GOWNS M-M-F NKNO 

1489820 05360 PINEAPPLES, CANNED 

6745340 71954 PTS OF METALWKNG MCH TLS NES 

3634540 65662 COT BLANKETS 47. 5C NJ-F 

1685020 11240 SPIRITS NSPF, FOR BEVERAGES 

1313000 04220 RICE MILLD EDIBL BRAN REMOVO 



10,342 
10,282 
10,264 
10,171 
10,100 
10,010 
9,953 
9,917 
9,908 
9,813 
9,746 
9,741 
9,659 
9,567 
9,567 
9,486 
9,431 
9,367 
9,364 
9,149 
9,020 
9,011 
8,753 
8,740 
8,659 
8,632 
8,609 
8,303 
8,227 
8,215 
8,160 
8,018 
7,980 
7,976 
7,921 
7,901 
7,836 
7,757 
7,719 
7,697 
7,594 
7,544 
7,524 
7,508 
7,506 
7,477 
7,420 
7,360 
7,345 
7,341 
7,292 



44 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3085000 65110 SILK YRN ETC P N C OV 29400 

6489720 69522 PIPE WRENCHES AND SPANNERS 

1385000 05450 VEGS FRSH FROZ CUT NSPF 

3383052 65361 RAYON W-FAB BLCH-C-YD NSPF 

7376000 89423 TOY MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 

3828102 84112 WOM BLOUSES NK M-M-F NO 

7008515 85100 FTWR NSPF MN YTHS A BOYS 

6515100 69523 HANO TOOLS, NES OF COPPER 

1845530 08140 FISH ANO WHALE MEAL SCRAP 

1442010 05550 MUSHROOM WHOLE PREP NOV 90Z 

1124000 03201 ANCHOVIES PREP PRES IN OIL 

4077230 51200 SPECIFIED BENZENOID DRUGS 

3721055 84122 SK MUFF ETC LON A OT ORN NK 

3801290 84111 MB COT COAT NES NK NO $4 

3805740 84144 M B W W-AP KT NO N0V$5 EXCAS 

2740000 89242 SOCIAL A GIFT CARDS NO WORDS 

6542000 69897 HH A SANI WARE, BMT N COATO 

7343000 89424 TABLE TENNIS EQUIP, IN SETS 

3820094 84112 WGI OTH W-APP COT N KT ORN 

3601000 65750 FL C PILE ETC NOV 66-2/3 

3657530 65691 L-O-N FUR ETC HND-J V-F EX C 

6561000 89712 ARTICLES OF GOLD INC RLO GLD 

7020600 84153 HEADWEAR KNIT OF COTTON 

6743565 71510 METAL-FORMING MCH TOOLS, NES 

3662140 65691 COT D-TOW P NES 0V45C N$1.45 

6873000 72920 ELECTRIC LUMINESCENT LAMPS 

3820072 84114 W G I PJS ETC COT NK ORN 

7300500 95104 SWORDS ETC PTS SHEATHS 

1412000 05550 BEANS PREP ETC EXCEPT SOYA 

1442020 05550 MUSHROOM SLICED PREP N0V90Z 

3202044 65210 SHEET NES WH COT NF BC CRD 

6539560 69721 IR/ST COOKWARE EX STST N CT 

3642500 65770 SILK TAPESTRIES NES 

6573000 69892 COPPER ARTICLES NO AL N PLT 

1672500 11220 RICE WINE OR SAKE 

4393020 54160 NAT ADV DRUGS, ANIMAL ORIGIN 

4391020 29198 NATURAL CRUDE ORGS ANML ORIG 

5332600 66650 EARTHEN ART SETS $7-$12 SET 

7221620 86140 STILL 35-MM CAMERAS OV $10 

7062005 83100 LUG H-BGS F-GD TEX MAT HLFL 

3004500 26300 COT WASTE ADV ETC UN 1-1/8 

7721500 89300 ARTICLES F FOOD PREP ETC NES 

3825820 84144 W G WL K COATS NO OR OV $5LB 

3820456 84144 INF SETS TO 24M0 MMF KT ORN 

3068000 21190 HAIR ANGORA RABBIT ON SKIN 

1136040 03201 FISH PREP PRES NES NOV 15LB 

6541540 69898 TIN WARE A ARTICLES NES 

1601040 07110 COFFEE ROASTED OR GROUND 

4210400 51400 SODIUM FERROCYANIDE 

7153340 86420 CLOCKS NES 0V10 NONELECT NES 

3084000 65110 SILK YRN NO CON SING N B N C 



7,232 
7,187 
7,186 
7,185 
7,180 
7,141 
7,118 
7,064 
7,030 
7,027 
6,990 
6,980 
6,973 
6,868 
6,810 
6,800 
6,779 
6,760 
6,697 
6,676 
6,611 
6,584 
6,560 
6,464 
6,452 
6,440 
6,431 
6,339 
6,238 
6,177 
6,015 
5,970 
5,869 
5,809 
5,737 
5,693 
5,689 
5,683 
5,679 
5,620 
5,593 
5,559 
5,550 
5,518 
5,474 
5,453 
5,409 
5,333 
5,311 
5,307 
5,271 



45 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



6743538 


71510 


3063172 


26210 


1122200 


03201 


4284600 


51200 


6513300 


69523 


2568500 


64299 


6660050 


71290 


1664000 


11102 


1763800 


42140 


3222032 


65220 


1655500 


05350 


1360000 


05480 


6535040 


69710 


1202065 


21190 


7379520 


89423 


3630140 


65691 


7561500 


899 34 


7254000 


89184 


6539000 


69721 


7024500 


84152 


4701000 


29210 


3808147 


84144 


6604200 


7115C 


7062460 


83100 


4208200 


51400 


4200200 


51400 


3635060 


65691 


4502000 


55120 


3827224 


84112 


3808485 


84111 


1462400 


05360 


1455800 


05172 


1618400 


07510 


7200230 


86425 


6858015 


72995 


7900800 


63272 


3726540 


84122 


4275200 


51200 


3765400 


84112 


7008065 


85100 


7003545 


85102 


7058600 


89300 


6580000 


68950 


7352000 


89442 


3871000 


84144 


7924000 


89910 


6574000 


69894 


3657560 


65691 


3658640 


65691 


6852450 


72420 


4550200 


29291 



NES 
AL 



GRINDING MCH, TOOL A CUTTER 
WOOL NSPF 58S A OV NS ETC 
SARDINES, NOT IN OIL ETC NES 
POLYHYDRIC ALCOHOLS ETC NSPF 
PENCIL SHARP POINT PTS 

ARTI PPR CTD VEG PRCHMNT ETC 
AGRI MACHINERY A IMPLMTS 
BEVERAGES NES UN 1/2 PCT 
PEANUT OIL 

OT P-CLO SHIRT WC COL NF NES 
FRUIT JCES N MXD NOV 1% ACHL 
DASHEENS, FRSH, CHLD OR FROZ 
PARTS OF STOVES HEATERS ETC 
REPTILE SKINS, RAW OR CURED 
TOYS OTHER, RUB OR PLAS 
COT SHEETS LACE NET OR ORN 
CIGAR A CIGRT LIGHTER PARTS 
PERC MUSICAL INST NES 
HH A SANI WARES UNEW TINP 
V FIB H-WEAR ETC NO SEW N0$3 
CUTCH ETC CRUDE OR PROCD 
M-B SWEATERS MMF KNIT N ORN 
COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES 
FLAT GOODS TEXTILE MAT NES 
SODIUM BROMIDE 
POTASSIUM BROMIDE 
COT QUILTS ETC N J 
OTHER FLAV EXTR NO 
WGI SLK BLOUSES NO 
M-B MMF W-APPRL NK 
APRICOTS, PREP OR 



HAND B-PT 
ALCO ETC 
NK WL RS 
NO NES 
PRES,' NSPF 



NUTS, EDIBLE, NSPF, SHELLED 
PEPPER CAPSICUM ETC GROUND 
CLK MT U1.77IN0-UN0V47HRNES 
FIXED CAPACITORS, CERAMIC 
CLOTHESPINS OTHER THAN PLAST 
SILK MUFF ETC N-HEM NKNO NES 
FURFURAL 

R-WR ETC COT PT RUB OR PL 
FTWR FIBER UPPRS NES, WOMEN 
L BOYS FTWR NES-VULCAN SOLE 
RUBBER OR PLASTIC GLOVES NES 
ARTS OF BA MET N CT PL NES 
SPORT GYM ETC EQUIP, PT NES 
ART NSPF VG-F EX C KT NL NO 
BONE HOOF HORN A QUILL MFRS 
ALUM ART N CT PL W PREC ME 
LACE NET FUR ETC H-J M-M FIB 
NET OR ORN WALL HANGING MMF 
RAD RFC SOL ST BROAD AM NES 
AGAR AGAR 



5,256 
5,254 
5,195 
5,179 
5,155 
5,144 
5,144 
5,141 
5,115 
5,095 
5,083 
5,062 
5,055 
5.05C 
5,029 
5,017 
5,00 
4,965 
4,937 
4,887 
4,883 
4,860 
4,832 
4,825 
4,810 
4,810 
4,801 
4,795 
4,793 
4,783 
4,771 
4,76 3 
4,758 
4,700 
4,655 
4,620 
4,618 
4,600 
4,592 
4,582 
4,533 
4,519 
4,510 
4,46 7 
4,376 
4,351 
4,338 
4,279 
4,269 
4,255 
4,214 



46 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3827815 


84144 


3820044 


84112 


1323520 


05545 


6502160 


69607 


3802799 


84113 


1617720 


07510 


7005883 


85101 


1009520 


94100 


7007075 


85100 


9231100 


66640 


7278610 


82100 


3655030 


65691 


4177400 


51364 


5336900 


66640 


7343400 


89424 


7347020 


89442 


7374500 


89423 


5349100 


66660 


6470360 


69812 


3828152 


84112 


3638540 


65691 


6488500 


69522 


3221092 


65220 


3827252 


84112 


6785055 


89111 


3630520 


82100 


7345130 


89442 


6514900 


69523 


7919000 


61290 


5203500 


66730 


1130100 


03201 


6515500 


69523 


2565400 


64210 


6505620 


69606 


7274000 


82100 


3664600 


65691 


1615900 


09903 


6502120 


69607 


7023200 


84152 


2001000 


24110 


7482000 


89993 


3666500 


65691 


1750300 


05480 


4661000 


55410 


1545000 


05320 


1450200 


05390 


8011000 


93100 


3826320 


84112 


3708440 


84121 


6943000 


73410 


6541060 


69723 



WGI CULOTTES KNIT MMF N ORN 
W OT COT BLOUSES NK ORN 
TAPIOCA CASSAVA FLR A STARCH 
KNIVES WITH HANOLE NES 
8 COTSPORT SHIRT NES N K N 
PEPPER UNGROUND BLACK 
FTWR NES 90? RUB/PLS MISSES 
MONKEYS AND OTHER PRIMATES 
FTWR VEG FIBER UPPRS, CHILO 
CHINA MUGS N0VS3.60 DOZ 
PILLOWS A CUSHIONS NONCOTTON 
LACE FURN V-F EX C MCMD NES 
BARIUM HYDROXIDE 
CHINAWR SPEC SETS NES OV $8 
TABLE TENNIS EQUIP NES 
FOOTBALLS 

MET TOYS FIG IMAGES AN OB 
BONE CHINA HH ART, NES 
FIT MOUNT NSPF I ST AL ZN 
WGI M-M-F W-APP NES N-KT NO 
M-M-F BED SPREADS ETC N-0 NE 
PLIERS, NIPPERS, ETC, NES 
OT FAB NES WC C NF CRD NES 
WGI SLK D-GOWN NO NK MMF RS 
COMB RADO-TAPE PLYRS EX BAT 
COTTON QUILTS ETC ORNAMENTED 
BADMINTON EQUIPMENT NES 
HAND TOOLS, NES BRASS 
OTHER LEATHER ARTICLES NES 
RUBIES A SAPPH CT N/ST F JEW 
FISH PASTES AND FISH SAUCES 
HAND TOOLS, NES 

BOXES, PAPER, PPRBD, ETC NES 
TABLESPNS A LADLES, BAS MET 
WOOD FURNITURE PARTS NSPF 
COT T-C NAP NES N-H-B-P PL-W 
MUSTARD, GROUND OR PREPARED 
TABLE KNIVES WITH HANDLE NES 
H-WEAR OT THAN STRAW ETC 
WOOD WASTE 

ART TREES, FOL, GRASS ETC 
COT FURN TERRY NOT ORN NES 
APRICOT AND PEACH KERNELS 
TOILET SOAP NOV 20CT POUND 
CANDIED, CRYSTALD, GLACE NUTS 
CHESTNUTS, PREP OR PRES, NES 
APT REIMP NT CONFRM TO SPEC 
WGVI W COATS NES NK NO OV $4 
SILK H-CHIEF N-HEM N-ORN NES 
KITES ANO PARTS THEREOF 
AL HH ART, ENAL, GLZ ETC 



4,200 
4,146 
4,144 
4, 122 
4,112 
4,055 
4,054 
4,050 
4,047 
4,015 
3,888 
3,879 
3,828 
3,822 
3,780 
3,780 
3,757 
3,755 
3,747 
3,738 
3,738 
3,727 
3,711 
3,586 
3,583 
3,524 
3,523 
3,514 
3,511 
3,483 
3,480 
3,459 
3,423 
3,419 
3,409 
3,374 
3,356 
3,352 
3,340 
3,318 
3,318 
3,316 
3,313 
3,291 
3,275 
3,262 
3,256 
3,247 
3,241 
3,180 
3,166 



47 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



7064000 


83100 


7341500 


89424 


6837000 


81243 


4721400 


51400 


5326100 


66240 


7350920 


89442 


3664200 


65691 


7005400 


85101 


6505640 


69606 


1473100 


05110 


3860850 


65692 


3726040 


84122 


3803980 


84111 


7022500 


65572 


3808135 


84143 


5463800 


66580 


3461500 


65220 


3808435 


84113 


7375500 


89423 


6014200 


28393 


7662000 


89606 


3667730 


65691 


5205400 


66730 


7507080 


899 2 4 


1116000 


03120 


3808455 


84111 


1135000 


03201 


6 509100 


69604 


2026440 


63187 


1442040 


05550 


6920200 


73230 


3203094 


65210 


6540520 


69722 


2740500 


89242 


7203420 


86426 


7916500 


83100 


3373000 


65311 


5146100 


66130 


1865530 


26251 


7729700 


89300 


6094115 


67701 


6094165 


67701 


7407500 


89720 


3383054 


65351 


7066020 


83100 


3671500 


65691 


6539720 


69721 


3863000 


65692 


3473380 


65401 


3606500 


65750 


2 736000 


89292 



HANDBAGS OF BEADS BUGLES ETC 

DICE CHESSMEN CHIPS ETC 

FLASHLIGHTS AND PARTS 

BARIUM SULPHATE PRECIPITATED 

CERAM CONSTRUCTION ARTI.NES 

BASKETBALLS 

COTDAMASK TABLECLOTH ETC 

RUBBER ZORIES 

SPOONS A LADLES, BAS METL,NES 

ORANGES, NES, CANNED 

L-O-N A OTH A ORN OTHER NSPF 

SILK MUFFLER ETC N K OV *5 

M-B COT SH UPS N KNIT N ORN 

H-WEAR ETC STRAW SEW ETC 

M-B OTH T-SHIRTS MMF KT NO 

GLSWARE NES PRESO TEMPO HHLD 

COT VELVETEEN PILE FAB ETC 

M 8 DRESS SHIRT M-M-F NK N 

TOY BLOCKS A BRICKS 

TANTALUM ORE 

ANTIQUES REPAIRED WITHN 3YRS 

OTH P-WOV COT FURN NES NORN 

ROCK CRYSTAL AND ARTICLES 

BROOMS AND BRUSHES NSPF 

FISH PCKLD NES NOV 15LB CON 

M B TROUS ETC M-M-F N K N 

FISH PREP PRES. NES, IN OIL 

SCISSOR A BLAD NES OV L75DZ 

HARDWOOD MOLDINGS, STANDARD 

MUSHROOMS WHOLE PREP OV 90Z 

TRUCKS NOT UNDER $1000 EA 

FAB NES WH COT NFBC CMB 

CU COOKING WARE ETC 

SOCIAL A GIFT CARDS W CORDS 

CLOCK CASES NSPF 

LEATHER BAGS BOXES ETC NSPF 

FAB WH SILK JAC-F NO DEG ETC 

MARBLE ETC SLABS N/RUB POL 

HAIR,HRSE BDY,CATLE TAIL, BOY 

RELIGIOUS ARTCLS RUBR»PLAS 

ST RDWR OV.06I N0V.25%C NES 

ST RDWR 0V.06I N0V.25*C CTD 

CHAINS ETC OT MET NOV 30C YD 

POLYESTER W-FAB B-C-YD NSPF 

HANDBAGS NSPF 

WOOL FURN P OR T N-ORN NES 

IRON A STEEL ENAM COOK WARE 

COT ARTICLES NSPF VELVET ETC 

COT NARROW FAB NES 

FL COV WOOL ETC PILE N0V40CT 

TYPEG MATRL,CARBN COPIES, NES 



3,153 
3,151 
3,149 
3,140 
3,121 
3,111 
3,097 
3,068 
3,067 
3,066 
3,041 
3,037 
3,035 
3,024 
3,000 
3,000 
2,979 
2,967 
2,964 
2,936 
2,912 
2,881 
2,854 
2,852 
2,849 
2,844 
2,837 
2,835 
2,796 
2,792 
2,791 
2,768 
2,758 
2,750 
2,703 
2,698 
2,687 
2,656 
2,655 
2,650 
2,645 
2,633 
2,624 
2,597 
2,580 
2,577 
2,559 
2,555 
2,540 
2,515 
2,500 



48 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 '-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



1847540 


08119 


3661540 


65691 


7045015 


84141 


3801840 


84111 


6125200 


68222 


1311000 


04600 


7453400 


89952 


7250620 


89142 


3383093 


65361 


7379530 


894 21 


3473340 


65401 


7006660 


85102 


5333500 


66650 


1500000 


05360 


6497700 


69601 


5151400 


66130 


5461700 


66580 


6745020 


71954 


1400900 


05420 


1755700 


22180 


5332800 


66650 


6859030 


72220 


1671040 


11212 


2200500 


2440 L 


3827278 


84112 


9230700 


66650 


5334100 


66640 


2223000 


65780 


7108020 


86193 


70043 70 


85102 


3800027 


84143 


6470500 


69812 


1195500 


02500 


6514740 


69523 


7007070 


85100 


3820536 


84144 


7722010 


89300 


6488100 


69522 


4940200 


43142 


7106000 


86L93 


2560500 


64197 


2742000 


89294 


7506000 


89924 


1473000 


05110 


7152940 


86420 


7041020 


84141 


7058430 


89300 


7262000 


89190 


5331100 


66650 


7030500 


84152 


3604840 


65760 



ANIMAL FEEOS NSPF 
CURT ETC N P T V-F EX C NES 
OTH COT GLOVES NO LACE ETC 
MB COT D-GWN NES NK OV $2.50 
BARS ETC COPPER AL SHAPED 
PEARL BARLEY, EDIBLE 
BUTTONS NSPF 

STRINGED INSTRUMENTS NSPF 
RAYON WOV-F NES 8L COL 
TOYS, OTH W FRICTION CP MOTOR 
COTTON ZIPPER TAPES 
LS FW FIBUP NES NOV $2.50 
TBLEWR,NES,FG EARTHN,MED VAL 
FRUIT MIXTURES PREPARED 
PN KNF ETC FBL OV i.25-$3DQZ 
SLATE A ART NSPF EXC ROOFING 
GLASSWARE OV 24* LD OV $3 EA 
WORK AND TOOL HOLDERS, NES 
MUNG BEANS, DRIED, DEHYDRATD 
OIL 8EARNG NUTS A SEEDS, NES 
EARTHEN ART SETS OV $12 SET 
EL SW W/0 ATO TRPG MEC NSPF 
CHAMPAGNE AND WNE OV $6 GAL 
NAT CORK UNMFD A CORK WASTE 
WGI SLK TROUSERS N-0 NK OTH 
EARTHENWARE NOT SETS 
CHINAWARE, BONE HHOLD 
WOV MTL BMBO RATN ETC F/BLDS 
DRAFTING ETC APPARATUS ETC 
L CHILD FTWR NSPF NOV $2.50 
M-B COT KNIT SHIRTS NES ORN 
HINGE FIT A MOUNTNG ME TL NES 
CHICKEN EGGS IN THE SHELL 
IRON OR STEEL HAND TOOLS NES 
FTWR VEG FIBER UPPRS MISSES 
WGI W-A OT TX FIB KT ORN ET 
RUBBER OR PLASTIC BAGS ETC. 
SLIP JOINT PLIERS 
BEESWAX NOT BLEACHED 
DISC CALC ETC A PTS N MET 
WALL PAPER 

PAPER CALENDARS N L I TH PRINT 
ARTIST BRSH A HAIR PEN OVIO 
KUMOUATS, CANNED 
CLOCKS NES 0V2.25-5 NE NES 
C LACE GLOVE MACH ETC NO WOV 
SEAMLESS RUB PL GLOVES NES 
BOW HAIR FOR VIOLIN 
EARTHEN STONEWARE CRS/GRN 
HEADWR MAN-MADE FIBER BRAID 
P OR T FL CO N H-INSERT NES 



2,493 
2,485 
2,445 
2,433 
2,432 
2,423 
2,422 
2,403 
2,399 
2,39 7 
2,394 
2,391 
2,382 
2,352 
2,340 
2,339 
2,339 
2,339 
2,315 
2,293 
2,292 
2,220 
2,220 
2,212 
2,203 
2,202 
2,194 
2,191 
2,159 
2,150 
2, 136 
2, 134 
2,134 
2,130 
2, 130 
2,116 
2,109 
2,064 
2,050 
2,049 
2,032 
2,023 
2,018 
2,006 
2,00 3 
2,000 
1,999 
1,995 
1,995 
1,989 
1,988 



49 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 '-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



5475500 66580 PHAR ,HYG ,LA8 ,GLS N0V95? SIL 

6829000 72991 MAGNETIC VISES BRAKES ET NES 

3701900 84121 SILK HOKF ORN A SLK LCE HOK 

3803982 84111 M-B COT JUDO UNIFORMS NK NO 

1522200 05360 FRUIT PEEL, OTHER, CRUDE ETC 

7053510 84130 GLVS COWHIDE ETC NO FORCHET 

1483500 05360 MELONS, PREP OR PRES 

1405000 05510 POTATOES, DRIED, DEHYDRATED 

2066500 63289 WD FRAME W/LOUVER SLATS 

4734000 51353 IRON OXIDE A HYOROX NATURAL 

7482500 29272 CUT NATURAL FLOWER PROCESSED 

3820016 84144 W G I ROBES ETC COT K ORN 

7344800 89442 BADMINTON NETS COTTON 

6469200 69811 LOCKS AND PAD LOCKS NES 

4300000 59990 MIX OF 2 OR MORE ORGAN COMP 

3806610 84111 M B WOOL S-T-COAT NO NK 0V$4 

7060500 83100 LEA FLAT GOODS NOT REPTILE 

5203200 66720 DIAMONDS N0V1/2 CT,CUT,N/SET 

3826315 84112 WG I W COATS 3/4 NK NO OV $4 

1905860 29193 INTESTINE ETC N FOR SAUS CSG 

3781034 84143 WGI COT BRFS ETC K N $4 

7342500 89424 PLAYING CARDS 

7252450 89183 FLUTES AND PICCOLOS 

6533945 81242 NONELECT ILLUM ARTICLES NES 

1487800 05360 PEACHES, PREP OR PRES, NES 

3638520 65662 M-M-FIB BLANKETS N-ORN NES 

5332300 66650 EARTHEN ARTIC SETS NOV $3.30 

1466000 05194 STRAWBERRIES, FRSH IN BRNE 

1251500 29261 NARCISSUS BULBS 

1523800 05360 FRUIT PEEL, PREP PRES NES 

7511100 89942 WALKING-STICKS ETC $5 OV DOZ 

3820478 84112 WGI SUITS M-M-F ORN N K ETC 

1571040 07300 CONFECTIONERY CONT CHOC NES 

1527440 C5330 FRUIT PASTES AND PULPS NES 

6802000 71992 COPPER HND-OPRTD A CK VALVS 

7282500 65740 FLOOR COVERINGS NSPF 

3827821 84144 WGI D-GOWNS KNIT MMF N ORN 

7060840 83100 FITTED LEA CASES NOT REPTILE 

6563000 89712 ARTS CTO W SIL ON CU NK SIL 

7252200 89183 BRASSWIND INSTR OV $10 EA 

3808415 84111 M B S-T-COAT M-M-F N K N 

6539520 69721 SS COOK WARE NO CTO OR ENAM 

3820468 84112 G, I DRESSES M-M-F N K ETC 

3821218 84112 W G I C EX R N0$4 3/4LNKN0 

6842050 72505 PORT ELCTR-THRMC HH APP NES 

1414500 05462 ONIONS IN BRINE OR PICKLEO 

1119200 03120 FISH, NES SMOKED KIPPERED 

3781039 84143 WGI COT U-WEAR NES K NO $4 

1311200 04600 BARLEY MILLEO EDIBL EX PEARL 

5207100 66740 SYN MAT, CUT, N/SET SUIT JEW 

7242500 89120 RECORDS PHONOGRAPH NES 



1,963 
1,961 
1,941 
1,938 
1,933 
1,894 
1,890 
1,888 
1,875 
1,842 
1,832 
1,819 
1,814 
1,794 
1,784 
1,78 3 
1,782 
1,778 
1,777 
1,754 
1,752 
1,747 
1,746 
1,746 
1,730 
1,722 
1,701 
1,697 
1,685 
1,66 2 
1,661 
1,650 
1,633 
1,631 
1,629 
1,613 
1,602 
1,595 
1,595 
1,592 
1,587 
1,578 
1,574 
1,560 
1,558 
1,553 
1,526 
1,498 
1,490 
1,486 
1,484 



50 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3800446 


84111 


6539530 


69721 


3220056 


65220 


6570900 


67910 


3800049 


84111 


3252058 


65220 


7066045 


83100 


6863040 


72920 


7005320 


85101 


7006640 


85102 


4525400 


55110 


3800009 


84144 


5332500 


66650 


4200400 


51400 


1103570 


03110 


7906100 


89997 


5135100 


66362 


1825000 


09905 


1452000 


22110 


5465800 


66580 


7271500 


82100 


6508900 


69604 


3782030 


84114 


6857000 


72994 


3650500 


65691 


7905900 


89997 


3808430 


84113 


L351600 


05450 


2223600 


65780 


322*092 


65220 


6512100 


69523 


7731000 


89300 


1144510 


03202 


3820480 


84112 


7906200 


89997 


3674500 


65691 


3607700 


65750 


1452800 


05172 


1135840 


03201 


7501500 


899 54 


7600500 


89521 


2564400 


64220 


1829200 


09909 


7201440 


86425 


3861000 


84144 


7023000 


84152 


4207800 


51400 


5207500 


66740 


7035500 


84151 


4660500 


55410 


6533915 


81242 



M-B OTH CTS ORN M-M-F N KT 
ST ST HOUSEHOLD ARTICLES NES 
DENIMS WH COT COL NF CRD 
NONMALL CST IR ART N AL CT 
M-B ORN COT DRS GWN N KNIT 
TW WH COT F F C M N BL CRD 
FLATGOODS, MATERIALS NSPF 
XMAS-TREE LMPS EXCEPT MIN 
BOOTSt OV 90S RU8BER/PLASTC 
LS FTWR FIBUP MEN NOV $2.50 
PEPERMT OIL OF MENT PIPRITA 
M-B COT KNIT ROBES ORN ETC 
EARTHEN ARTIC SETS $3.30-7 
POTASSIUM CARBONATE 
FISH, NES, FRESH OR CHILLED 
VACUUM 8TLS OV 2 NOV 4 PTS 
STONE STAT, ETC, NES, PROF PROD 
OYSTER SOUP AND JUICE PREP 
PEANUTS NOT SHELLED 
GLSWARE,NSPF,OV $3 CUT ENG 
FURNITURE AND PARTS BENTWOOD 
SCISOR A BLAD NES 50T01.75D 
WGI COT U-WEAR NES NK N$9 NO 
EL SOUND A VIS SGNL AP A PTS 
H-MADE L F V-F I B ETC NOV $50 
VACUUM BOTTLES ETC NOV I PT 
M B PJS ETC M-M-F N K N 
BEANS, NSPF, FRESH OR FROZEN 
WOV FIBROUS MAT NES F/BLINDS 
OT FAB NES WC C NF CRD NES 
HAMMERS W HEADS N0V3.25LBEA 
PLAQUES, FIGS OF RUBR OR PLST 
ABALONE 

WGI M-M TROUS ETC OT ORN NK 
VACUUM BOTTLES ETC OV 4 PTS 
OT SILK FURN NT ORN EX KT ET 
OT H-HOOK F C 50? V-F 
WALNUTS NOT SHELLED 
FISH NES PREP, CNTR OV 15LB 
COMBS NES OV 4.50DCLLARS GR 
PENS FNTN A STYLO BALL PTS 
PPR ENVLPS,BORDERD, LINED, ETC 
EDBLE PREP NES, OV 5.5? BFT 
CLK MVT NES $2. 25-5. OONEL NJ 
OTH ART NT ORN NSPF COT KNT 
STRAW H-WEAR ETC OV $15 
SODIUM BORATE REFINED 
SYN MAT GEMST QUAL A ART NES 
HDWR FUR N-SK OTH PER 0V$30 
CASTILE SOAP 
PORT INDOOR LAMPS, NES 



1,48 3 
1,475 
1,449 
1,447 
1,440 
1,439 
1,414 
1,410 
1,382 
1,374 
1,372 
1,360 
1,354 
1,349 
1,345 
1,342 
1,340 
1,331 
1,330 
1,329 
1,312 
1,309 
1,296 
1,292 
1,288 
1,274 
1,266 
1,257 
1,255 
1,250 
1,248 
1,245 
1,237 
1,234 
1,228 
1,223 
1,223 
1,222 
1,219 
1,216 
1,211 
1,200 
1,199 
1,189 
1,188 
1,187 
1,185 
1, 179 
1,175 
1,170 
1,170 



51 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 '-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



2204000 63300 CORK STOP.N/HLW 0PER,0V3/4 

3463550 65220 C VEL NES PLUSH VELGR COMB 

3657825 65691 COT HALL HANGINGS NET ORN 

5239100 66370 MINERAL SUBST ART, NES 

7504040 89924 TOOTH BRUSHES NSPF 

7006030 85102 -U.S. TYPE FTWR, EXC OXFORD 

1673040 11212 WINE OV 14%, OV $4, NOV 1GL 

5403300 66580 SOLID GL GLOB BALLS NOV 6 MM 

3667925 65691 COT WALL-HANGINGS NOT ORN 

3158500 65561 JUTE CORD UNBL 720 YD OR OV 

7502900 89923 BROOMS NOV 96C EA UN QUOTA 

7152740 86420 CLOCKS NES 0V1. 10-2.25 NE NJ 

1197000 02500 WHLE EGG YOLK ALBUMEN NDRIED 

1544000 05320 GINGER ROOT, CANDIED ETC 

4374700 09906 YEAST EXCEPT DRIED BREWERS 

2747000 89299 PHOTO FLM EXP/DEV F PRNT PLA 

3708420 84121 SILK H-CHIEF HEM N-ORN NES 

3461000 65220 COT CORDUROY FAB NES OTH 

6884040 72999 ELECTRICAL ARTS A PARTS NSPF 

7701000 89300 REINFORCED PLASTICS NSPF 

2066000 63271 WOOD FRAMES, PICTURE, MIRROR 

1617900 07510 PEPPER, BLACK OR WHITE, GRND 

1612100 07523 CLOVES AND CLOVE STMS, UNGD 

3383036 65351 POLYESTER WOV FAB CONT Y-D 

3806660 84111 MB WOOL TROVS ETC NO NK 0V$4 

5456700 81241 GLASS ILLUM A REFL ARTS, NES 

5333300 66650 TBLEWR,NES,FG EARTHN LOW VAL 

1675000 11220 FERMENTEO ALCHLC BEVRGS NES 

3673025 65691 OTH WOOL WALL-HANGINGS NORN 

3633010 65691 COT SHEETS N-ORN N COMBED 

1415000 05550 ONIONS PRES NT SALTD PICKLED 

5239400 66370 MIN SUBSTANCE ART, NES, DEC 

1552010 06120 CANE BEET SUGAR OV 99 DEG 

1120500 03201 BONITO AND YELLOWTAIL CANNED 

1140100 03202 RAZOR CLAMS CANNED 

2745000 89299 PHOTOS, ETCH, ETC , NES, OV 20YRS 

7651000 89602 ENGR, ETCH, LITH ETC UNBOUND 

6829500 72911 PRIMARY CELLS A BATT A PARTS 

3808450 84111 M B SUITS M-M-FIB N KT N ORN 

3366068 65321 Wl W-F WOR 0$6LB 06T8 OZ 

3800408 84144 M-B ORN D GOWNS ETC MM-F KT 

1261500 29250 CABBAGE SEED 

7927500 89995 ARTICLES OF HAIR NSPF 

4614000 55300 COSMETICS NOT CONT ALCOHOL 

3224026 65220 POP B-CLOTH WC COL NF CRD 

2746000 89299 LI TH0G,N0V20YR, PPR NOV .02 I 

6721000 71730 SEWING MACHINES NOV 10 DOL 

7007510 85100 FTWR SOLE UPP WOOL FELT MEN 

7502700 89923 WHISKBROOMS NOV 32C EA NES 

3782012 84113 M B COT BRIEF ETC NK N $9 NO 

1140500 03202 CLAMS EXCEPT RAZOR CANNED 



1,114 

1,110 

1,106 

1,106 

1,102 

1,101 

1,078 

1,073 

1,073 

1,071 

1,069 

1,068 

1,051 

1,047 

1,047 

1,041 

1,037 

1,025 

1,018 

1,018 

1,015 

1,011 

1,007 

998 

998 

988 

988 

978 

977 

971 

960 

952 

950 

943 

940 

939 

936 

934 

933 

922 

919 

919 

918 

881 

878 

871 

857 

854 

841 

837 

833 



52 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 -Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



4356000 


29240 


1906800 


89605 


7350940 


89442 


1459000 


05172 


1131100 


03201 


7049000 


84126 


5464400 


66580 


3651410 


65691 


72 53000 


89184 


7371500 


8942 3 


5361100 


66392 


4662500 


55410 


7255200 


89189 


1829860 


09909 


7456700 


69853 


6859055 


72220 


3608300 


65750 


3780575 


84114 


7604800 


89521 


15490C0 


05320 


3659120 


65691 


6541010 


6972 3 


5343100 


66650 


6500925 


69601 


3828120 


84112 


25310 00 


64190 


3892000 


65692 


7008075 


85100 


1925000 


32170 


6533000 


81242 


6605400 


71150 


7316040 


89441 


7275200 


82100 


38230 30 


84114 


5405500 


66460 


1656500 


05350 


1473600 


05360 


1533200 


05330 


6852425 


72420 


3661880 


65691 


7005877 


85101 


7915000 


61290 


3782018 


84113 


3610550 


65760 


5124100 


66361 


3463040 


65210 


1767000 


42290 


3826020 


84112 


3828128 


84112 


6533500 


81242 


6760700 


71410 



HENBANE 

STUFFED ANIMLS PROD OF TAXDY 

INFLATABLE BALLS NES 

NUT EDIBLE MIX 20RM0RE KINDS 

FISHBALLS ETC N OIL N CANNED 

GLOVE NO LACE ETC M-M F N K 

SMOKERS GLSWR 0V$3 NCUTNENG 

H-MADE LACE FUR NOV $50 SILK 

CYMBALS 

CONSTRUCTION KITS SETS NES 

CERAM ART NES PORCEL SUBPOR 

SOAP AND SOAP POWDERS NSPF 

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NES 

EDIBLE PREPS NSPF NOV 45? 

CLASPS ETC OV 20C DOZ NSPF 

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS 

M-M FIB F C PILE INSERT ETC 

WGI SLK U-WEAR ORN NK 

CASED PENCILS A PENCILS NSPF 

MXTRE CANDIFD FRUIT, NUTS , ETC 

OTH FUR ORN/NET TEX FIB NES 

AL COOKWAR,N CST,N ENAL ETC 

EARTHN,ETC,CRSE-GR,ART NES 

KNIVES STST HAND NO 10 % MNNES 

WGI P-SUITS M-M FIB NOT KNIT 

HANOMADE PPR, IMPRG, CTD ETC 

OT SILK ARTS PILE ETC NO ORN 

FTWR FIBER UPPRS NES, CHILD 

PEAT MOSS 

INCAND LAMPS OPER BY GAS ETC 

PTS OF INTERNAL COMB ENG NES 

FISHING TACKLE NES AND PARTS 

FURNITURE A PTS COPPER 

WGI COT VESTS NKNO 0V$2 OTH 

FOAM GLASS IN ANY FORM 

FRUIT JUICE, MIXD, ALGOL 1 PCT 

CITRUS FRUIT, PREP PRES,NES 

JELLIES, JAMS, ETC, NES 

RADIO RCSLD STE , N/B , AM, NES 

COT TOW P NES NOV 45C N ORN 

FTWR, NES, 90? RUB/PLS, MEN 

LEATHER SHOE LACES 

M B COT U-WEAR NES NK N$9 NO 

BRAIDED FLOOR COVERS OF WOOL 

PLSTR OF PAR STAT BAS-RELF 

COT TERRY FAB NO $1,125 

OTHER VEGETABLE OILS NSPF 

WG I W COATS NES NK NO N0V$4 

WGVI M-M F SLACKS NL NK NO 

PORT INDOOR LAMPS, BRASS 

TYPEWRITERS NON-CAL NES 



8?9 
829 
824 
823 
810 
809 
807 
800 
797 
795 
78 3 
782 
780 
779 
775 
774 
771 
770 
768 
766 
761 
760 
755 
751 
749 
736 
729 
728 
728 
726 
719 
714 
709 
703 
702 
697 
696 
686 
686 
678 
671 
668 
664 
660 
657 
657 
657 
653 
641 
640 
640 



53 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



PRES, NES 
N0VS4 NES 
HORMONES 



MMF NK 



7008525 85100 FOOTWEAR, NSPF, FOR WOMEN 

2741500 89294 PPR CLNDR,0V .02IN,LITH0 PRT 

7064500 69890 HAN08AGS OF METAL 

7005881 85101 FTWR NES, 90_ RUB/PLS WOMEN 

3379025 65311 WV FAB SLK JAC DG SUB MM RS 

4608000 51200 ODOR OR AROM SUB NES NOT MIX 

3800052 84113 M-B ORN COT PAJAMAS N KNIT 

7504700 89924 TLT BRUSH EX TOOTH OV 40CT 

5201140 66730 PREC A SEMIPR STNE NAT NES 

1401000 05420 RED KIDNEY BEANS DRIED DEHYD 

1268100 29250 SPINACH SEED 

7413500 66580 IMITATION GEMSTONES EXC BEAD 

4176200 51336 ARSENIC TRIOXIOE 

1143000 03130 CRABS FR FRZ, PREP 

3800920 84111 M B C RNCT NORN NK 

4375600 54150 SYN ADRENOCORTICAL 

1492600 05209 PRUNES PLUMS DRIED 

3800472 84111 M-B ORN JUDO UNIFORM 

7903500 55300 JOSS STICKS 

2566000 64230 ALBMS, AUTOGPH, PHOTOGPH ETC 

7412000 89910 BEADS IVORY 

7221640 86140 STILL CAMERAS NSPF OV $10 

7278620 82100 MATTRESSES ETC NONCOTTON 

6541030 69723 AL HH ART, NT CTD, NT ENAML 

6533925 81242 LGHT FXT PRM IND INST NES 

6505420 69606 SP STST UNO 25CTS NOV 10.2IN 

2743500 89291 PAPR LABELS ETC PRTD EX LITH 

1685500 11240 PREPARATIONS CONT SPIRITS 

2040500 89922 BASKETS, OF WOOD 

3820572 84112 WGI W-A NK ORN ETC OT MM RS 

3800449 84111 M-B ORN GWN M-M-F-N KT 

6541520 69898 TIN WRE SUIT FR FOOD OR BEV 

6094105 67701 ST WR N0V.25SC 10FT LTH ETC 

3800452 84113 M-B ORN NGTWR M-M-F N KNIT 

6563500 89712 APTS OF BS MTL CTD W SIL NES 

2068700 63289 WD SKEWERS ETC EXC TOOTHPICK 

3004060 26300 COT WASTES SOFT NES 

1123040 03201 TUNA FISH NES CND NOV 15 LB 

3820022 84143 W G I T-SHIRTS COT KNIT ORN 

6527200 89712 FRAMES A MIRRORS PLT CTD 

4651000 55420 FATTY ACID ESTERS NS PH NSPF 

3676025 65691 WALL HANGINGS M-M-F NOT ORN 

3823322 84112 W OTH COT DRESSES NES NK NO 

7483400 29272 BOUQUETS DRIED ETC PLANTS 

1111000 03120 COO ETC DRIED AND UNSALTED 

3820640 84144 OTH G I COT KT DRESSES NO 

5323100 66240 CERAMIC TILES EX FLR A WALL 

3800245 84111 M-B ORN WOOL CTS NES N KNIT 

1351000 05450 BEANS, LIMA, JUN1-0CT31 INCL 

1552060 06110 CANE BT SUGAR 86 TO 95 OEG 

7456600 89711 CLASPS ETC GOLD OR PLATINUM 



633 
631 
624 
623 
623 
618 
613 
613 
610 
609 
609 
60 7 
606 
600 
600 
594 
594 
585 
584 
576 
571 
570 
570 
568 
567 
560 
560 
551 
547 
546 
544 
544 
543 
543 
538 
536 
534 
533 
531 
527 
527 
524 
523 
521 
520 
520 
519 
518 
517 
510 
500 



54 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



3165000 65561 CORDAGE OF SILK 

1708000 12230 TOBACCO, NSPF 

1144537 03130 SC4LL0PS, FR FZ, PREP, PRES 

7720900 89300 TRAYS OF RUBBER OR PLASTIC 

6853235 89111 RC PL, PHONO, RC CH,W/SP,NES 

4742640 89591 INKS NES 

6500820 69601 KN SS NI UND25CTSNOV10.2 IN 

6762085 71420 CAL MCH NES F OIVIOE A MULT 

6785070 71980 MACHINES, NSPF, ANO PARTS 

1906500 29115 MARINE SHELLS, CRUDE 

1829000 09909 EDIBLE PREPS OF GELATIN, NES 

1469900 05360 CHERRIES, PREP OR PRES, NES 

4737000 51355 TITANIUM DIOXIDE 

6505525 69606 SPOONS STLS ST HAND, NES 

7005849 85101 VINYL FTWR NES, FOR MISSES 

7152920 86422 CLOCKS NES 0V2.25-S EL NES 

6571500 69890 TIN PLATE MANUFACTURES NES 

1673720 11212 GRAPE WINE,OV 14* AL NOV IGL 

7722020 89300 RUB PLASTIC CONTAINERS NES 

3827851 84143 WGI KNIT T-SHIRT MMF N ORN 

2453000 64160 HAROBOARD EX OIL 

1267300 29250 RADISH SEED 

3820255 84112 W G I WOOL COATS 

1467540 05360 BERRIES, PRES OR 

1486500 05360 PAPAYAS, PREP OR 

3632590 65691 L OR N BEDDING A 

5146500 66130 MARBLE ETC SLABS 

7552500 89931 CANDLES AND TAPERS 

3615645 65760 FL COVER NSPF OTH FIBER NES 

2064700 63272 WD FORKS A SPOONS EX MAH 

1414000 05550 COWPEAS ,BLCKEYE , SALTD, PICKLD 

6833270 72503 ELCTR-MECH APLNCS I PTS,NES 

3806630 84111 M B W D-GN ETC NK NO OV $4 

3891000 84144 OT ART SILK NSPF KNIT ETC NO 

4374900 51200 ENZYMES AND FERMENTS NSPF 

5331400 66650 EARTHEN FN/GR NOV $1,50 DOZ 

3651550 65691 H-MADE LACE FUR OV $50 SILK 

1654400 05350 PNAPL JUICE NOT CONCENTRATED 

3082000 26120 SILK FIB PROC NO SPUN EX ROV 

3636040 65691 OTH COT BEDDING NES N L N 

6535035 69710 STOVES ETC N/EL EX PORTABLE 

7005100 85101 FTWR, PROTCTVE OV 90* VINYL 

3820466 84112 WOM DRESSES M-M-F ORN NK 

7403000 89720 JEWELRY NES NOV 20C DOZ 

4808090 56190 FERTLIZER MATERIAL, OTHER 

2043500 63273 WOOD CIGAR A CIGARETTE BOXES 

5199700 66320 ABRASIVE ARTICLES, NES 

4740800 53333 ART PAINT ASSEMBLED IN SETS 

3383065 65352 POLYES WOV-F SPUN YARN NB NC 

4807040 56129 PHOSPHTC FERT, MATRL, OTHER 

7377000 89425 CONFETT I .FAVORS, NOI SE OB ETC 



TREATED 

ORN NK 

PRES, NSPF 

PRES 

BEO ORN T-M 

RUB OR POL 



500 
499 
49 4 
489 
486 
48 5 
480 
480 
480 
479 
476 
47 5 
47 3 
471 
461 
46 1 
457 
457 
451 
450 
441 
440 
43 2 
423 
416 
413 
405 
403 
400 
398 
39 8 
397 
394 
39 2 
388 
387 
387 
384 
384 
373 
37 3 
369 
365 
364 
364 
363 
363 
359 
357 
357 
354 



55 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) '/ '-Digit Code — Continued 



TSUSA 



SITC 



Commodity 



Total 



7252480 


89183 


7324000 


89423 


7265200 


89190 


4613500 


55300 


7085300 


86131 


3781032 


84143 


709L000 


86171 


3633040 


65691 


7311000 


89922 


2567500 


64299 


2527700 


64150 


3822100 


84114 


1651500 


05350 


7906000 


89997 


3744520 


84142 


1543500 


05320 


2068500 


63289 


3820078 


84114 


3803909 


84113 


1407000 


05510 


3535042 


65400 


3535046 


65400 


3223032 


65220 


7560440 


89934 


7092340 


86171 


7905000 


65546 


4070200 


51200 


1655000 


05350 


1653000 


05350 


4936830 


51200 


3820030 


84144 


7040520 


84126 


6503925 


69606 


3800046 


84111 


1485600 


05550 


3221044 


65220 


2069600 


63289 


3801280 


84111 


3603500 


65760 


7507020 


89924 


6852575 


72420 


6515300 


69523 


3665400 


65691 


7244000 


89120 


3630540 


65662 


1553500 


06150 


1404000 


05510 


1415500 


05550 


4171800 


51400 


5361500 


66392 


1617740 


07510 



N/IMP 
NK NO 
PC AL 
1-2 PT 
FAB 



WOODWIND INSTRUMENTS NES 
DOLL CARRIAGES, STROL A PARTS 
VIOLIN ETC PARTS NES 
PERFUME COLOGNE ETC CON ALCH 
TELESCOPES NOT INFRARED LGHT 
WGI COT U-SHIPT K N $4 
P HAMMERS AND STETHOSCOPES 
COTTON PILLOW CASES CMBD NO 
FISH BASKETS OR CREELS 
PAPIER MACHE ARTICLES NES 
PAPER NOV 9 LB, NSPF, 
W G I COT PJS N0S1.50 
APLE A PEAR JC N OV 1 
VACUUM BOTTLES ETC OV 
COT HOSE N NES FROM 
FRUIT PEELt CANDIED ETC NES 
TOOTHPICKS WOOD 
INFANTS COT SHIRTS NES NKORN 
MB COT W-APP NK OT N-WEAR NO 
POTATO FLOUR 

SILK FAB MOTIF ORN NSPF WO 
FAB MOTIFS ORN NSPF SILK NES 
OT P-CLO SHIRT WC COL NF NES 
POCKET LITERS NES NOV $5 DZ 
SURGICAL NEEDLES NES 
TAPES, MONOGRAMS, W REF SURFCE 
ACETANILIDE 
PRUNE JUICE NOV 
CIT FRT JUICE N 
SACCHARIDES ETC 
W G I SWTRS COT 
COT GLOVES WOVEN 



1% ALCOLOL 
CONCENT NES 
NSPF 

KNIT ORN 
ETC OT GL 



FHRKS STST HAND 0V10%MNNES 
M-B ORN COT COAT NES N KNIT 
OLIVES PREP OR PRESRVD, NES 
OTH SHEET WC COL NF CRD NES 
WOOD COAT A GARMENT HANGERS 
MB COR COAT NES NK NO $4 
COIR FLOOR COV NO HD INSERT 
WHISKBROOMS NSPF 
RADIO APPARATUS ££ PTS NSPF 
HAND TOOLS, NES OF ALUMINUM 
NAPKINS NES V-F I B EX NO ORN 
RECORDED TAPE, RECORDS, NES 
BLANKETS LACE V-F EX C ETC 
SUGARS, N SGR SLDS OV 6 PCT 
ONIONS, DRIED, DEHYDRATED 
PEAS PREP, PRES, EXC DRIED 
ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS NSPF 
CERAM WARE A ART NES 
PEPPER, UNGROUND, WHITE 



354 
352 
352 
35 1 
349 
347 
344 
343 
338 
335 
334 
332 
328 
322 
318 
315 
312 
308 
307 
306 
30 3 
303 
303 
30 3 
300 
300 
300 
29 7 
296 
290 
287 
287 
287 
284 
284 
281 
279 
277 
274 
274 
27 3 
271 
271 
269 
267 
264 
263 
261 
259 
259 
258 



56 



Appendix E. — U.S. Imports From China for 1976, by TSUSA (Tariff Schedule) 7 '-Digit Code — Continued 
TSUSA SITC Commodity Total 



6513100 


69523 


3604620 


65760 


3808165 


84144 


3706840 


84121 


3746000 


84142 


3651420 


65691 


1552070 


06110 


TOTAL 





CHISELS AO CUT TLS A PTS NES 
WILT VEL Ft C EX IMIT ORIEN 
M B TROUSERS ETC MM NO KNT 
C HOKF HEM F OV 70S N C N 
M-M-FIB HOSIERY NOT ORN NES 
H-MADE LACE FUR NOV $50 NES 
CANE BT SUGAR 76 TO 85 DEG 



256 
256 
256 
255 
254 
254 
253 
201,916,921 



57 



tt U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1977 238-973 6434 



PENN STATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 

iviuiiiiiiiiiiniin